Seasonal variations in Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) from Malakand, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/04/2020
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Seasonal variations in Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) from Malakand, Pakistan

Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Zahid
Int. J. Biosci.16( 4), 537-542, April 2020.
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Vespidae is diverse and large family of the order (Hymenoptera) Insecta: Arthropoda. Vespid Wasps were collected from 23 March 2018 to 30 October 2018. Wasps were collected from diverse localities of District Malakand through active search with the use of the hand net. Polistinae wasps made their appearance in March, Increases up to June and then decreases from July to October. Maximum numbers of wasps belonging to Subfamily Polistinae were collected in June. The populations of Vespinae Wasps were increases from March to July with increase in temperature and then their numbers decreases from August to October, gradually with decrease in temperature. The wasps belonging to Subfamily Eumeninae made their appearance in April, Increases up to May and then their population gradually decrease from June to September. The numbers of Eumeninae wasps were found high in May.


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