Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Sediments grain size analysis from the Eastern Makran coast line area, Pakistan

Syed Waseem Haider

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.9(1), 40-56, July 2016

Certification:

JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The grain size analysis for the surficial sediment samples from Sur Bandar, Koh Mehdi, Ganz, Pishukan, Gwader and Jiwani area of Balochistan was carried out. Eighteen stations marked on the ground for the collection of sediment samples. A   3-Dimensional Mechanical Sieve shaker Octagon Digital shaker was selected for the grain size analysis. Probability paper prepared for cumulative frequency curve by plotting grain size (in phi scale) versus cumulative percent. Cumulative frequency curve used to obtain the phi value of the percentiles 5%, 16%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 84% and 95% from the plot. These phi values were used in calculation of some important statistical parameters just like mean, kurtosis, skewness and standard deviation. Graphic mean distribution of grain size for the analyzed sediments suggested that most of samples are very fine to fine grained sand with only two being medium grained sand. Standard deviation explain the sorting of the grain size of the sediment sample which are very well sorted to moderated sorted with few poorly sorted. Skwness showed that particle population are very fine skewed to very coarse skewed. The results of kurtosis explained that 11 % of sediment samples are in category of extremely Leptokuritc, 38.8 % are very Leptokurtic, 16.6% are Leptokuritc, 16.6 % are very Platykurtic and 11% are Mesokurtic. Physical characteristic of the samples shows that 91.3% to 100% are sand in the samples and 0 to 8.7 % are Silt/Clay.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Sediments grain size analysis from the Eastern Makran coast line area, Pakistan

Akhtar MK, Shuhab DK, Huseyin B, Aimal KK. 2013. Newly discovered mud volcanoes in the Coastal Belt of Makran, Pakistan-tectonic implications.  Arab Journal of Geosciences 11, 4899-4909. DOI 10.1007/S12517-013-1135-7

Angusamy NG, Rajamanickam. 2001. Mineralogy and chemistry of ilmenite from the beach placers of Mandapam to Kanyakumari region, Tamil Nadu. Handbook of Placer Mineral Deposits, New Academic Publishers, Delhi 1, 158-170.

Angusamy NG, Rajamanickam. 2006. Depositional environment of sediments along the southern coast of Tamil Nadu India. Oceanologia 48(1), 87-102.

Angusamy NG, Rajamanickam. 2007. Coastal processes of Central Tamil Nadu, India; clues from grain size studies. Ocenologia 49(1), 41-57.

Anithamary I, Ramkumar T, Venkatramanan S. 2011. Grain size characteristics of coleroon estuary sediments, Tamilnadu, east coast of India. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Science 6(2), 151-157.

Asselman NEM, 1999. Grain size trends used to assess the effective dishcharge for flood plain sedimentation. River Wall, the Netherlands. International Journal of Sediment Research 69, 51-61.

Baba J, Komar PD. 1981. Measurements and analysis of settling velocities of natural quartz sand grains. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 51, 631-640.

Baloch AH, Rehman H, Saeed M, Kalhoro MA, Buzdar MA.  2014. The Curious Case of Mangroves Forest at the Sonmiani bay Area, Lasbela District, Pakistan: A review. Lasbela University Journal of Science and Technology 3, 61-74.

Baruah J, Kotoky P, Sarma J. 1997. Textural and geochemical study on river sediments; a case study on the Jhanji River, Assam.  Journal Indian Association of Sedimentoloists 16, 195-206.

Blott SJ, Pye K. 1984.GRADSTAT: A grain size distribution and statistics package for the analysis of unconsolidated sediments. Earth surfaces processes and landforms 26, 1237-1248 .

Borreswar RC. 1957. Beach erosion and concentration of heavy minerals. Journal sedimentary Petrology  27, 143-147.

Chaudhri RS, Khan HMM, Kaur S. 1981. Sedimentology of beach sediments of the West coast of India. Sedimentary Geology Journal 30, 79-94.

Choudry MAF, Nurgis Y, Hussain A, Abbasi HN. 2010, Distribution and percentage of Heavy Mineral along Makran Coasline of Pakistan.  American Journal of Scientific Research 11, 86-91.

Deslisle G, Rad VU, Andruleit H, Daniels CHV, Tabrez AR, Inam A. 2002. Active mud volcanoes on and offshore eastern Makran, Pakistan. International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschas) 81, 93-110.  DOI  10.1007/S00531 0100203.

Eisema D. 1981. Supply and deposition of suspended matter in the north sea. special publication of the International association of Sedimentologists 5, 415-428.

Fay MB. 1989. Grain-size analysis program package, Department of Geology, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Folk RL, Ward WC. 1957. Brazos river bar:  A study in the significance of grain size parameters. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology  27, 3-26.

Folk RL. 1974. Petrology of sedimentary rocks. Austin Texas: Hemphili Publication, Company  182.

Fredlund MD, Fredlund DG, Wilson GW. 2000. An equation to represent grain size distribution. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 37, 817-827. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1139/t00-015

Friedman GM, Sanders JE. 1978. Principles of Sedimentology, Wiley, New York 792 .

Friedman GM. 1961a. Distinction between dune beach and river sands from textural characteristics. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 31, 514-529.

Friedman GM. 1961b. On sorting, sorting coefficients and the log normality of the grain-size distribution of sandstones. Journal of Geology 70, 737-753.

Friedman GM. 1967. Dynamic processes and statistical parameters compared for size frequency distribution of beach river sands. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 37, 327-354.

Gandhi SM, Solai A, Chandrasekaran K, Rammohan V. 2008. Sediment characteristics and heavy mineral distribution in Tamiraparani estuary and off Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu- SEM studies. E-journal Earth Science India 1(III), 102-118

Inman DL. 1952. Measures for describing the size distribution of sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 22, 125-145.

Jones HA, Hockey RD. 1964. The geology of South western Nigeria. Bulletin, Geological Survey 31-100.

Komar PD, Cui B. 1984. The analysis of grain-size measurements by sieving and settling-tube techniques. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 54, 603-614.

Malvarez GC, Cooper JAG, Jackson DWT. 2001. Relationship between waves induced currents and sediment grain size on a sandy tidal flat. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 71, 705-712.

Mason C, Folk RL. 1958. Differentiation of beach, dune and Aeolian flat environments by size analysis, Mustang Island, Texas. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 28, 211-226

Patric M, Donald B. 1985. The effects of sediment transport on grain size distribution. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 55(4), 0457-0470 .

Rad UV, Berner U, Delisle G, Dosse-Rolinski H, Fechner N, Linke P, Luckge A, Roeser HA, Schmaljohann R, Wiedicke. 2000. Gas and Fluid venting at the Makran accretionary wedge off Pakistan. (Geo-Marine letter 2000) Springer-Verlag  20, 10-19.

Rajamanickam GV, Gujar AR. 1984. Sediment depositional environment in some bays on the Central West Coast of India. India Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 13, 53-59.

Rajamanickam GV, Gujar AR. 1993. Depositional processes inferred from the log probability distribution. In; Jhingran V (ed) Recent researches in sedimentology. Hindustan Publishing Corporation. Delhi, 154-164.

Ramamohanarao T, Sairam K, Venkateswararao Y, Nagamalleswararao B, Viswanath K, 2003. Sedimentological characteristics and depositional environment of Upper Gondwana rocks in the Chintalapudi sub-basin of the Godavari valley, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 21, 691-703.

Ramanathan AL, Rajkumar K, Majumdar J, Singh G, Behera PN, Santra SC, Chidambaram S. 2009. Textural characteristics of the surface sediments of a tropical mangrove Sundardban ecosystem India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 38(4), 397-403.

Rao PS, Ramaswamy V, Thwin S. 2005. Sediment texture, distribution and transport on the Ayeyarwady continental shelf, Andaman Sea. Marine Geology 216(4), 239-247.

Rao RG, Sahoo P, Panda NK. 2001. Heavy mineral sand deposit of Orissa. Exploration and Research for atomic Minerals 13, 23-52.

Ray AK, Tripathy SC, Patra S, Sarma VV. 2006. Assessment of Godavari estuarine mangrove econsystem through trace metal studies, Environment International Journal 32, 219-247.

Trask PD. 1932. Origin and Environment of Source Sediments of Petroleum. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston 323.

Valia HS, Cameron B. 1977. Skewness as paleo environmental indicators. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 4, 784-793.

Visher GS. 1969. Grain Size distribution and depositional process. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 39, 1074-1106.

Wang P, Davis RA, Kraus NC. 1998. Cross shore distinction of sediment texture under breaking waves along low energy coasts. International Journal of Sediment Research 68, 497-506.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background