Seed germination in maize (Zea mays L.) under the influence of different drinks flavors as a source of plant nutrients

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Research Paper 01/03/2018
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Seed germination in maize (Zea mays L.) under the influence of different drinks flavors as a source of plant nutrients

Ikram-ul Haq, Noman Ali, Danish, Nazia Parveen Gill, Mahnoor Dua, Mariyam Shaikh
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 3), 334-342, March 2018.
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In present work, effect of different nutrients in the form of various drinks flavors available in local market on plants was assessed on especially seed germination of maize (Zea mays L.) var., MMRI-Yellow and its early growth. Seeds germinated on different nutrient conditions like as T₀ (dH₂O), T₁ (MAY-sparkling fruit juice), T₂ (¼T₁), T₃ (Murree’s Wheat Beer), T₄ (¼T₃), T₅ (Apple Mixed Juice), and T₆ (¼T₅) and maintained for 2-weeks. Among the morphological attributes maximum seed germination, seedlings biomass, lengths of plumules and radicals observed on T₀ and T₆ cultures and each are significantly lesser among seeds growing under alcoholic bears supplements (T₃ and T₄). The biochemical contents including chlorophyll (ab), total sugars and protein contents also showed same trend among the cultures (p<0.05). Meanwhile, chlorophyll b, total carotenoids, reducing sugars, antioxidants activity and phenolics observed maximum in plumules and radicals of seedlings grew in T₁ and T₃ cultures (p<0.05). These biocontents reduced among the dilutions to T₀ and T₆ cultures. These both cultures showed good seedling growth responses, whereas T₆ remained most growth supportive. It means that seed mobilization and its growth suppressed with supplementation of MAY-sparkling fruit juice (T₁) and Murree’s Wheat Beer (T₃) even concentrated apple juice also (T₅). The T₁ and T₃ cultures showed impaired growth retardation during seed germination. Each of mixed fruit juice, non-alcoholic wine and alcoholic bears have performed significant role in seed germination and its initial subsequent growth.


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