Selection of stable spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) advanced lines under contrasting environments

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2021
Views (419) Download (22)

Selection of stable spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) advanced lines under contrasting environments

Muhammad Azher Qureeshi, Ijaz Rasool Noorka, Sadaf Shamim
Int. J. Biosci.18( 5), 48-61, May 2021.
Certificate: IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Evaluation of varietal candidate lines for their stability and economic value is an important step for their adaptation and commercialization under contrasting environments. Plant breeders generally select breeding materials that show stable performance under contrasting environmental conditions. For this purpose, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of 17 advanced lines along with 3 commercial varieties at 4 different locations for 2 years from 2015-17 in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications.  The analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference (P≤ 0.05) between breeding lines, locations and years. SU-52 and SU-38 were higher grain yielding advanced lines when compared with commercial varieties. SU-168 was the most stable advanced line across all locations and years as per various estimated stability parameters. SU-179 was found specifically adapted to Dera Ghazi Khan location characterized by high temperature and lower rainfall. Biplot analysis was done to select breeding lines with better agronomic and quality traits. The close relationship between the agronomic and quality traits showed that agronomic traits and quality traits were simultaneously present in the newly developed breeding lines. Breeding lines such as SU-18, SU-168, SU-12, SU-6H, PB-11 and SU-134 processed traits related to agronomic value and quality traits.


Ali S, Liu Y, Ishaq M, Shah T, Ilyas A, Din IU. 2017. Climate change and its impact on the yield of major food crops: Evidence from Pakistan. Food 6(6), 39.

American Association of Cereal Chemists. 2000. Approved methods of AACC. 10th ed. Method 38-12. The Assoc. St. Paul, Minnesota.

American Assoc. of Cereal Chemists. 2000. Approved methods of AACC. 10th ed. Method 55-31. The Assoc. St. Paul, Minnesota.

American Assoc. of Cereal Chemists. 2000. Approved methods of AACC. 10th ed. Method 76-20. The Assoc. St. Paul, Minnesota.

Finlay KW, Wilkinson GN. 1963. The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding programme. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 14, 742–754.

Gómez-Becerra HF, Abugalieva A, Morgounov A, Abdullayev K, Bekenova L, Yessimbekova M, Sereda G, Shpigun S, Tsygankov V, Zelenskiy Y, Pena RJ. 2010. Phenotypic correlations, G× E interactions and broad sense heritability analysis of grain and flour quality characteristics in high latitude spring bread wheats from Kazakhstan and Siberia. Euphytica 171(1), 23-38.

Hrušková M, Faměra O. 2003. Prediction of wheat and flour Zeleny sedimentation value using NIR technique. Czech Journal of Food Sciences 21(3), 91-6.

Iqbal M, Navabi A, Salmon DF, Yang RC, Spaner D. 2007. Simultaneous selection for early maturity, increased grain yield and elevated grain protein content in spring wheat. Plant Breeding 126(3), 244-50.

Jeberson MS, Kant L, Kishore N, Rana V, Walia DP, Singh D. 2017. AMMI and GGE biplot analysis of yield stability and adaptability of elite genotypes of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) for Northern Hill Zone of India. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management 8(5), 635–641.

Kang MS. 1988. A rank-sum method for selecting high-yielding, stable corn genotypes. Cereal Research Communications 16(1/2), 113–115.

Kaur A, Sraw PK, Kukal SS. 2017. Climatic variability impact on wheat-based cropping systems of South Asia: Adaptation and mitigation. In quantification of climate variability, Adaptation and mitigation for agricultural sustainability Springer, Cham, p 353–37.

Kendal E. 2019. Comparing durum wheat cultivars by genotype× yield× trait and genotype× trait biplot method. Chilian Journal of Agricultural Research 79(4), 512–522.

Kumar A, Mantovani EE, Simsek S, Jain S, Elias EM, Mergoum M. 2019. Genome wide genetic dissection of wheat quality and yield related traits and their relationship with grain shape and size traits in an elite× non-adapted bread wheat cross. PloS one 14(9), e0221826.

Noorka IR, Khaliq I. 2007. An efficient technique for screening wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm for drought tolerance. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 1539-1546.

Noorka IR, Heslop-Harrison JS. 2019. Crossdisciplinary drivers to benefit smallholder farmer communities and to achieve the SDGs by various means. In: Leal Filho W. (eds) Handbook of Climate Change Resilience. Springer.

Noorka IR. 2019. Climate risks and adaptation to crop yield in Pakistan: Toward water stress tolerance for food security. In: Leal, F. W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar P., Wall, T. (eds) Climate Action. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Abdullah N, Magaji U, Miah G, Hussin G, Ramli A. 2017. Genotype× Environment interaction and stability analyses of yield and yield components of established and mutant rice genotypes tested in multiple locations in Malaysia. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B—Soil & Plant Science 67(7), 590–606.

Ortiz R, Sayre KD, Govaerts B, Gupta R, Subbarao GV, Ban T, Reynolds M. 2008. Climate change: can wheat beat the heat? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 126(1-2), 46–58.

Qureeshi MA, Hussain F, Noorka IR, Rauf S. 2020.  Screening of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm against drought and heat stress. Cereal Research Communications. 1–10.

Rauf S, Al-Khayri JM, Zaharieva M, Monneveux P, Khalil F. 2016. Breeding strategies to enhance drought tolerance in crops. In Advances in plant breeding strategies: agronomic, abiotic and biotic stress traits, Springer, Cham p 397–445.

Rauf S, Zaharieva M, Warburton ML, Zhang PZ, Al-Sadi AM, Khalil F, Tariq SA. 2015. Breaking wheat yield barriers requires integrated efforts in developing countries. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 14(8), 1447–1474.

Sharma I, Tyagi BS, Singh G, Venkatesh K, Gupta OP. 2015. Enhancing wheat production-A global perspective. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85(1), 3–13.

Shiferaw B, Smale M, Braun HJ, Duveiller E, Reynolds M, Muricho G. 2013. Crops that feed the world 10. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by wheat in global food security. Food Security 5(3), 291–317.

Shukla CK. 1972. Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype by environmental components of variability. Heredity 29, 237–245.

Sultana H, Ali N, Iqbal MM, Khan AM. 2009. Vulnerability and adaptability of wheat production in different climatic zones of Pakistan under climate change scenarios. Climate Change 94(1), 123–142.

Tadesse W, Sanchez-Garcia M, Assefa SG, Amri A, Bishaw Z, Ogbonnaya FC, Baum M. 2019. Genetic gains in wheat breeding and its role in feeding the world. Crop Breed. Genet. Genom 1, e190005.

Tariq A, Tabasam N, Bakhsh K, Ashfaq M, Hassan S. 2014. Food security in the context of climate change in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences 8(2), 540–550.

Wricke G. 1962. On a method of understanding the biological diversity in field research. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzucht 47, 92–46.

Yue Y, Zhang P, Shang Y. 2019. The potential global distribution and dynamics of wheat under multiple climate change scenarios. Science of the total environment 688, 1308–1318.

 Zhai S, Liu J, Xu D, Wen W, Yan J, Zhang P, He ZA. 2018. Genome-wide association study reveals a rich genetic architecture of flour color-related traits in bread wheat. Frontiers in plant science 9, 1136.

Zhou D, Shah T, Ali S, Ahmad W, Din IU, Ilyas A. 2019. Factors affecting household food security in rural northern hinterland of Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 8(2), 201–210.