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Sero-epidemiology of human Toxoplasma gondii infection among male population in Charsadda, KPK, Pakistan

Research Paper | April 1, 2018

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HasnainJan, Muhammad Haroon, Shah Faisal, Abid Kamal, Muhammad Taimur Khan, Kainat Ahmad, Wali Muhammad

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Int. J. Biosci.12( 4), 110-116, April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.4.110-116


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Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection of humans and animals which is caused by the opportunistic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa. Worldwide one-third of the total population are chronically infected by the parasite. Clinically the parasitic infection produces a wide range of symptoms in the humans. The deteriorating health impact includes blindness and mental retardation in congenitally infected children. The aim of the current study was to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii among male population in District Charsadda, KPK. 300 random samples were collected from the male population. Serum was extracted from the samples and was subjected to the serological technique. The detection was done with Latex Agglutination kit. Out of 300 samples, 63 (21%) were found positive for the parasite. A significant association was determined between the infection and age group in the population. From results, it was concluded that the infection was more prevalent in the age group 46-55 years with 35.41% followed by the age groups 66-75 years, 56-65 years, 36-45 years, 26-35 years and 15-25 years with 33.33%, 30.55%, 22.95%, 18.46% and 8.33% respectively. Bringing awareness to the public and educate them about the health-associated risks upsurging from unhealthy food and lifestyle habits. In the future updates of the global burden of infections, the data on Toxoplasmosis epidemiology and its transmission should be included in order to support public health interferences to eradicate the disease burden.


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Sero-epidemiology of human Toxoplasma gondii infection among male population in Charsadda, KPK, Pakistan

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