Seroprevalence and distribution of brucellosis in major blood groups in suspected females population of Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/10/2019
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Seroprevalence and distribution of brucellosis in major blood groups in suspected females population of Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Muhammad Jaseem Khan, Mujahid Jan
Int. J. Biosci.15( 4), 539-544, October 2019.
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Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella. People working in farm houses, close contact with cattle’s and butcher are mostly infected brucellosis. It is common all over the world with variable prevalence and major public health concern. Infectious diseases are also associated with blood groups. The relationships of cholera, malaria and other have been reported earlier. However there is less information regarding prevalence of brucellosis and their relationship with blood groups. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence, and genetic relationship of brucellosis with blood groups. Tube agglutination test was used to find the positive cases of brucellosis among the suspected population. Tube agglutination test was used to find out blood groups of the participant. A total of 200 suspected brucellosis patients were enrolled in the study. All of them were females and ages range from 15 years to 43 years. Among 200 participants n=60(30%) were seropositive for Brucella. In case of Rh positive n=29 (15.67%) were positive for Brucella Abortus, n=26 (14.05%) for Brucella Melitensis and n=130(70.27%) were negative. Among Rh negative group n=2 (13.33%) were positive for Brucella Abortus, n=3(20.05%) for Brucella Melitensis and n=10(66.66%) were negative. Collectively blood group “B” is more prone to brucellosis while Blood group “O” is least prone to brucellosis. In case of Rh blood groups, Rh positive is more prone to infection as compared to Rh negative.


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