Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in human (Homo sapien) population of District Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

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Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in human (Homo sapien) population of District Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

Feroz Khan, Muhammad Rooman, Hameed Ur Rehman, Abdur Rab, Faiz Ur Rehman, Abid Ur Rehman, Abdullah Khan, Asad Ullah, Maqsood Ali, Afzal Ahmad
Int. J. Biosci.12( 5), 253-262, May 2018.
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Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease, caused by the Toxoplasma gondii. It is a common parasite which is responsible of high morbidity and mortality in all warm-blooded organisms including human beings. The current study was conducted during April to December 2015 in District Headquarters Teaching Hospital (DHQTH) in district Bannu for the assessment of T. gondii in Humans population. Total of 170 blood samples were collected from humans population, of which 166 blood samples were negative and 4 were positive with T. gondii of IgM and not of IgG antibodies. The 90 blood samples were recorded in females and 80 were in males. Among the positive three were recorded in females, while one was in male respectively. The overall percentile prevalence of toxoplasmosis was recorded with range of (97.64%) negative blood samples and 2.36% positive blood samples. Among the positive blood samples these females were more infected than males with range of 1.77% and 0.59% respectively. The percentile range of negative blood samples were 47.05% and 52.95% in males and females respectively. The age groups 36-45, 46-55 and >66 were more susceptible to the toxoplasmosis. The rural area was more susceptible to the toxoplasmosis than the urban area. Similarly the illiterate humans populations were also more infected as compared to the educated categories.


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