Silver nano-particles enhance the growth, yield and nutrient use efficiency of wheat

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2015
Views (283) Download (5)

Silver nano-particles enhance the growth, yield and nutrient use efficiency of wheat

Hafiz Muhammad Jhanzab, Abdul Razzaq, Ghulam Jilani, Ammara Rehman, Abdul Hafeez, Farhat Yasmeen
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.7( 1), 15-22, July 2015.
Certificate: IJAAR 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Application profile of nano particles is rapidly expanding even in agriculture. Silver nano particles (SNPs) are hypothesized to enhance nutrient use efficiency in plants. Present study was carried out to determine the role of SNPs for improving (NUE) in wheat. The SNPs were synthesized chemically by reducing silver nitrate with trisodium citrate and size was 10-20 nm according to X-Ray Diffraction analysis. Completely randomized design with seven graded doses of SNPs (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150 ppm) and four replications was employed for experimental layout. Seedlings of wheat variety NARC-2009 were transplanted to pots. Pot soil was soaked with SNPs solution up to field capacity levels and distilled water was applied in control treatment. SNPs significantly enhanced most of the growth and yield attributes NPK uptake and nutrient use efficiency of wheat. Silver nanoparticles in 25ppm concentration have showed significant improvement in maximum leaf area and highest grain yield while 75ppm concentration resulted in decrease in grain yield. So silver nanoparticles have stimulatory as well as inhibitory effect on wheat growth and yield.


Anonymous.2009.Nanotechnology and nano science applications: Revolution in India and beyond. Strategic Applications Integrating Nano

Balmford A, Green R, Scharlemann JPW. 2005.Sparing land for nature: Exploring the potential impact of changes in agricultural yield on the area needed for crop production. Global Change Biology 11, 1594-1605.

Chinnumuthu CR, Boopathi PM.2009.Nanotechnology and Agro ecosystem.The Madras Agricultural Journal 96(1-6),17-31.

Ding H, Zhang Y, Zhignuol Z, Mingjhan Y. 2009. Effect of controlled release fertilizer on the yield and quality of Chinese cabbage and nutrient use efficiency. Journal of Changjiang Vegetables12,1-6.

Ding Y, Wu Q. 2005. Preparation of seed coating agent containing nano particles with low toxicity and high efficiency. Chinese Patent.

EPA. 2007. Nanotechnology White Paper Science Policy Council. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. EPA 100/B-07/001.

Gao F, Hong F, Liu C, Zheng L, Su M, Wu X, Yang F, Wu C, Yang O. 2006. Mechanism of Nano-anatase TiO2 on promoting photosynthetic carbon reaction of spinach.Biological Trace Element Research, 111,239-253.

Gupta PK. 2006. Soil, plant, water and fertilizer analysis.Agrobios.India, 84 p.

Helmke PA, Sparks DL. 1996.Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium and Cesium.In: A. L. Page & SparksD. L. (3rd Edition) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Soil Sci. Soc. America. No. 5. Madison, WI, USA. 551-601 p.

Kulkarni SK. 2007. Nano technology: Principles and Practices. Capital Pub. Co. New Delhi, India.

Lee WM, Kwak JI, An YJ. 2012. Effect of Silver nano particles in crop plants Phaseolus radiates and Sorghum bicolor; Media effect on phtotoxicity.Chemosphere 86,492-499.

Lin A, Xing B. 2008. Root uptake and phytotoxicity of ZnO nano particles. Environmental Science and Technology,42,5580-5585.

Liu XM, Zhang FD, Zhang SQ, He XS, Feng R, Wang W. 2005. Response of peanut to nano-calcium carbonate. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science 11,3-9.

Lu CM, Zhang CY, Wen JQ, Wu GR, Tao MX. 2002.Research of the effect of nanometer materials on germination and growth enhancement of Glycine max and its mechanism. Soybean Science21,168.

Ma Y, Kuang L, He X, Bai W, Ding Y, Zhang Z, Zhao Y, Chai Z. 2010. Effect of rare earth oxide nanoparticles on root elongation of plants. Chemosphere,78,273-279. s

Mirzajani F, Askari H, Hamzelou S, Farzaneh M, GhassempourA. 2013.Effects of silver nano particles on Oryza Sativa L. and its rhizosphere bacteria. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,88,48-54.

Mousavi SR, Rezaei M. 2011.Nano technology in agriculture and food production. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences 1(10),414-419.

Moghadam A, Vattani H, Baghvaei N, Keshavarz N. 2012.Effect of different levels of fertilizer nano-Iron chelates on growth and yield characteristics of two varieties of spinach. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 4(12),4813-4818.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. U.S. Dep. of Agric. Circ. 939.

Quardos ME, Mar LC. 2010. Environmental and human health risks of aerosolized silver nano particles. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. 60,770-781.

Richards LA.1954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. USDA Agric. Handbook 60. Washington, D.C.

Shah V, Belozerova I. 2009. Influence of metal nanoparticles on the soil microbial community and germination of lettuce seeds.Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 197,143-148.

Sharon M, Choudhary A, Kumar R. 2010.Nanotechnology in Agriculture disease and food safety. Journal of Phytology 2(4),83-92.

Sheykhbaglou R, Sedghi M, Shishevan MT,Sharifi  RF.  2010.Effect  of  nano-iron  oxide particles on agronomic traits of soybean. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 2(2), 112-113.

Smil V. 2001.Enriching the earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the transformation of world food production. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedure of Statistics; A Biological Approach.3rd  Edition. McGraw Hill Book Inc., New York. USA.

Stewart WM, Dibb DW, Johnston AE, Smyth TJ. 2005. The contribution of commercial fertilizer nutrients to food production. Agronomy Journal, 97: 1-6.

Vendrell PF, Zupancic J.1990. Determination of soil nitrate by transnitration of salicylic acid. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 21,1705-1713.

Wang X, Hai-xing S, Qiang L, Xiang-min R, Jian-wei P, Gui-xian X, Zhen-hua Z ,Shu-juan W. 2011. Effects of nano-preparation coated nitrogen fertilizer on nutrient absorption and yield of early-rice. Hunan Agricultural Sciences11,1-4.

Wheeler S. 2005. Factors influencing agricultural professional’s attitudes toward organic agriculture and biotechnology. Center for Regulation and Market Analysis, University of South Australia.

Wu M, Ruo-chao H, Xiao-hai T, Xiao-ling W, Guo-hui M, Hai-tao T. 2010.Effect of Adding Nano-carbon in slow release fertilizer on grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency of super hybrid rice. Hybrid Rice 4,1-5.

Yang F, Liu C, Gao F, Su M, Wu X, Zheng L, Hang F, Yang P. 2007. The improvement of Spinach Growth by Nanoanatase TiO2 treatment is related to Nitrogen Photoreduction. Biological Trace Element Research 119,77-88.

Yin L, Cheng Y, Colman BP, Auffan M, Wiesner M, Rose J, Liu J, Bernhardt ES. 2011. More than the ions: The effect of silver nano particles on Loliummultiflorum. Environmental Science and Technology 45,2360-2367.

Zhang F, Wang R, Xiao Q, Wang Y, Zhang J. 2006. Effect of slow control release fertilizer cemented and coated by nano-materials on plants. Nanoscience 11(1),18-26.

Zheng L, Liu D, Lu FS,Liu C. 2005.Effect of Nano TiO2 on strength of naturally aged seed and growth of spinach. Biological Trace Element Research, 104:83-91.

Zia MS, Gill MA, Aslam M, Hussain MF. 1991. Fertilizer use efficiency in Pakistan. Progressive Farming 11,35-38.