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Research Paper | December 6, 2022

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Socio-economic component, coastal resource use and perception, and participation of the coastal communities/fishing households in San Jose, Gonzaga, Cagayan

Gerlie B. Hardy

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Int. J. Biosci.21(6), 267-273, December 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.6.267-273

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Abstract

The study generally identified and analyzed the socio-economic status, coastal resource use, and perception and community participation of coastal communities of the community of San Jose in Gonzaga, Cagayan. The research conducted interviews based on questionnaires and used a descriptive survey as the research design. Thirty-seven respondents were interviewed and most of them are members of San Jose Fisher folk Association. It revealed that most have low levels of education, with fishing as the main source of income for the residents. This dominance of fishing is a major economic factor contributing to the income of the community. The fishing activities are not only limited to marine waters but also to estuary areas where mangroves thrive. Meanwhile, due to climate change and resource-dependent communities, today, benefits derived from coastal environments are limited since there were some changes observed in fishing ground location, the volume of catch, size of fish, coral reef, mangroves, and beaches. Generally, it implies that a full understanding of socio-economic characteristics, coastal resource use, and perception of the coastal community of Barangay San Jose play important roles in the coastal resource restoration and management plans. Also, these help to understand the underlying causes of degradation and interventions needed in the community.

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Socio-economic component, coastal resource use and perception, and participation of the coastal communities/fishing households in San Jose, Gonzaga, Cagayan

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