Socio-economic determinants of Legumes and Root crops production in Lahar-affected areas of Zambales, Philippines: Its policy implications

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Research Paper 13/06/2023
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Socio-economic determinants of Legumes and Root crops production in Lahar-affected areas of Zambales, Philippines: Its policy implications

Geena Hipolito-Pingol
J. Bio. Env. Sci.22( 6), 141-151, June 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study investigates the socio-economic determinants of legumes and root crops production, specifically focusing on cassava and sweet potato, in the lahar-affected areas of Zambales, Philippines. The research provides valuable insights into the demographic profile and farming characteristics of the respondents. Notably, the study finds a mix of older and younger farmers actively engaged in agriculture, with a pronounced gender disparity, predominantly favoring male farmers. Education emerges as a critical factor influencing crop production, emphasizing the significance of educational interventions in enhancing farming practices and overall productivity. Furthermore, the number of children, farm size, and farming experience demonstrate positive associations with crop yields, underscoring the importance of family labor and farming knowledge in bolstering productivity. Additionally, the study identifies preferred varieties of sweet potato and cassava, offering valuable information to promote the adoption of high-yielding and resilient crops in the region. The research also sheds light on key challenges faced by farmers, including weather conditions, pest infestations, financial constraints, and production costs. To enhance agricultural resilience and productivity in the lahar-affected areas, targeted support and interventions are necessary to address these challenges effectively. Based on the findings of this study on the socio-economic determinants of legumes and root crops production in the lahar-affected areas of Zambales, Philippines, several policy recommendations can be proposed to enhance agricultural productivity and rural development.

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