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Research Paper | July 15, 2022

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Socio economic impact of integrated watershed management practices, Case study at Korocho Watershed, Gibe District, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia

Melese Gogo Massamo

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(1), 83-95, July 2022

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Abstract

Integrated watershed management is becoming increasingly important concept in all over the world and attention is shifting to overall socio-economic welfare along with better water and soil conservation. It is socio- political and ecological entity which plays crucial role in determining food, social, and economical security and provides life support services to rural people. Therefore, this study assessed the socio economic impact of integrated watershed management practices in Korocho watershed, southern Ethiopia. Crop grain yield measurements and questionnaire survey data collection methods were employed to collect the essential data from 82 households, randomly selected from two sub-watersheds of the upper and downstream beneficiaries proportionally. Descriptive statistics and a binary logistic model were used to analyze the impacts of independent variables on farmers’ adoption. Descriptive statistics and linear regression model were used to analyze the impacts of independent variables on farmers’ income generation. A total of 8 independent variables were identified and used, out of which six were found to be significantly affecting farmers’ income generation. These were access to irrigation, non-farm income, education, livestock owned, age and land size of respondents. The study showed that integrated watershed management has a positive impact on socio-economic welfare and it has high contribution in household annual income. Hence, better consideration of socio economic impact of integrated watershed management is critical to increase household annual income and high focus should be given to the upper beneficiaries of the watershed to minimize the income difference between the upper and lower beneficiaries.

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Socio economic impact of integrated watershed management practices, Case study at Korocho Watershed, Gibe District, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia

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