Solid waste characterization, knowledge, practices and attitudes of selected Barangay 22 households in Cagayan de Oro City

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2019
Views (252) Download (5)

Solid waste characterization, knowledge, practices and attitudes of selected Barangay 22 households in Cagayan de Oro City

Gina C. Lacang, Remedios T. Tamang1, Sansen A. Handag Jr., Florianne Consolacion
J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 4), 89-106, April 2019.
Certificate: JBES 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The study is conducted generally to assess the solid waste characterization of brgy. 22, Cagayan de Oro City, to investigate the effectiveness of the mandate of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Program (RA 9003). Specifically, it sought to determine the (a) composition of the LGU’s overall waste generation, (b) weight and volume of wastes generated by the residents of brgy.22 per income level, per capita/day, (c) amount of waste that will be generated in the next ten (10) years and (d) assess the knowledge, practices and attitudes of selected households. The solid wastes characterization activities involved the courtesy call to the barangay officials, training of the Technical Working Group (TWG), household survey, a one-day pre-sampling workshop, seven –day solid wastes characterization, and data evaluation and analysis. Results of the study showed the overall waste generation of brgy. 22 is composed of 75.41% biodegradables, 24.03% non-biodegradables, and 0.56% special wastes. Non-biodegradables are mostly recyclables and residuals. The composition of wastes varies from plastics, cellophane, cans, papers, glass bottles, vegetables and fruit peelings, electronic waste and textile wastes. Result of the study also showed that low income level household has the highest solid waste generation followed by high income and middle income households. Based on the projections generated by the team, the projected waste will range from 242, 697kg in 2016 to 302, 585kg in 2026. There will be an increase of 24.68% of waste generation within 10 years for Barangay 22. The residents’ knowledge and attitude showed favorable response but their practices contradict to what the survey result indicates.


Abu Qdais HA, Hamoda M, Newham J. 1997. Analysis of residential solid waste at generation sites. Waste Management & Research 15(4), 395-405.

Al-Khatib IA, Monou M, Zahra ASFA, Shaheen HQ, Kassinos D. 2010. Solid waste characterization, quantification and management practices in developing countries. A case study: Nablus district–Palestine. Journal of environmental management 91(5), 1131-1138.

Babaei AA, Alavi N, Goudarzi G, Teymouri P, Ahmadi K, Rafiee M. 2015. Household recycling knowledge, attitudes and practices towards solid waste management. Resources,  Conservation and Recycling 102, 94-100.

Babayemi JO, Dauda KT. 2009. Evaluation of solid waste generation, categories and disposal options in developing countries: a case study of Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 13(3).

Banga M. 2011. Household knowledge, attitudes and practices in solid waste segregation and recycling: the case of urban Kampala. Zambia Social Science Journal 2(1), 4.

Bernardo EC. 2008. Solid‐Waste Management Practices of Households in Manila, Philippines. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1140(1), 420-424.

Dangi MB, Urynowicz MA, Gerow KG, Thapa RB. 2008. Use of stratified cluster sampling for efficient estimation of solid waste generation at household level. Waste Management & Research 26(6), 493-499.

Desa A, Kadir NBYA, Yusooff F. 2011. A study on the knowledge, attitudes, awareness status and behaviour concerning solid waste management. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 18, 643-648.

Dietrich CF. 2017. Uncertainty, calibration and probability: the statistics of scientific and industrial measurement. Routledge.

Eberhardt MS, Pamuk ER. 2004. The importance of place of residence: examining health in rural and nonrural areas. American journal of public health 94(10), 1682-1686.

Guerrero LA, Maas G, Hogland W. 2013. Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste management 33(1), 220-232.

Hsieh FY, Bloch DA, Larsen MD. 1998. A simple method of sample size calculation for linear and logistic regression. Statistics in medicine 17(14), 1623-1634.

Kabingue VFC, Aranico EC, Bracamonte NL, Amparado Jr, RF. 2014). Coping mechanism of flood vulnerable households along Bitan-ag Creek, Cagayan de Oro city, Philippines. Advances in Environmental Sciences 6(2).

Lebersorger S, Beigl P. 2011. Municipal solid waste generation in municipalities: Quantifying impacts of household structure, commercial waste and domestic fuel. Waste management 31(9-10), 1907-1915.

Manaf LA, Samah MAA, Zukki NIM. 2009. Municipal solid waste management in Malaysia: Practices and challenges. Waste management 29(11), 2902-2906.

Matter A, Dietschi M, Zurbrügg C. 2013. Improving the informal recycling sector through segregation of waste in the household–The case of Dhaka Bangladesh. Habitat International 38, 150-156.

Nakagawa S, Cuthill IC. 2007. Effect size, confidence interval and statistical significance: a practical guide for biologists. Biological reviews 82(4), 591-605.

Paul JG, Arce-Jaque J, Ravena N, Villamor SP. 2012. Integration of the informal sector into municipal solid waste management in the Philippines–What doesit need?. Waste Management 32(11), 2018-2028.

Peralta GL, Fontanos PM. 2006. E-waste issues and measures in the Philippines. Journal of material cycles and waste management 8(1), 34-39.

Sujauddin M, Huda SMS, Hoque AR. 2008. Household solid waste characteristics and management in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Waste management 28(9), 1688-1695.

Troschinetz AM, Mihelcic JR. 2009. Sustainable recycling of municipal solid waste in developing countries. Waste management 29(2), 915-923.

Var I. 1998. Multivariate data analysis. vectors 8(2), 125-136.

Zurbrugg C. 2002. Urban solid waste management in low-income countries of Asia how to cope with the garbage crisis. Presented for Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Urban Solid Waste Management Review Session, Durban, South Africa 1-13.