Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Some aspects of population dynamics of Indian River shad, Gudusia chapra in the greater Jessore region, Southeast Bangladesh

Research Paper | June 1, 2018

| Download 4

Md. Sherazul Islam, Kakoly Khanam, Nafisa Islam

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.12( 6), 129-138, June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.6.129-138


IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The Indian river shad Gudusia chapra is an important small indigenous food fish in Bangladesh. The study of the population dynamics particularly length-weight relationship of any fishes forms an important base for fish biology. The statistical relationship between these two parameters has great significance with regard to their morphology, biology, nutrition, condition and growth rate. In the present study, population demography, size-class distribution, length-weight relationship and sexual distribution of G. chapra were analyzed from greater Jessore region, Southeast Bangladesh. A total of 166 individuals were sampled during May to December, 2015 from twelve markets of four sub-districts of Jessore. The maximum length and weight measured 160.02 mm and 31.56 g respectively. The average total length and body weight were 103.63±21.86 mm and11.03±5.80 g respectively and most species was belonging to the size class of 71-130 mm. The size class distribution of the species varied monthly but similar pattern exhibited in both sexes and seasons. The length-weight relationships were Log W= 4.071+2.516 Log L for combined sexes, Log W= 4.137+2.545 Log L for male, Log W=3.931+2.450 Log L for female, Log W=3.929+2.450 Log L in monsoon and Log W= 4.801+2.884 Log L during winter season respectively. The total length and body weight relationship was linear and fish exhibits negative allometric growth as the b<3. The overall sex ratio showed significant differences from the expected value 1:1 (male: female = 1:1.81, χ2 =13.88, p<0.001) and females were dominance over the males throughout the study period.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Some aspects of population dynamics of Indian River shad, Gudusia chapra in the greater Jessore region, Southeast Bangladesh

Ahmed ZF, Smith C, Ahamed F, Hossain MY.2007. Growth and reproduction of the Indian River shad, Gudusia chapra (Clupeidae). Folia Zoologica56, 429-439.

Ahmed ATA, Ahmed ZU, Kabir SMH, Ahmad M, Begum ZNT, Hassan MA, Kahndker M. (eds.). 2009.Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 23; Freshwater Fishes, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 360 pp.

Ahamed F, Ahmed ZF, Hossain MY, Ohtomi J. 2014. Population biology of the Indian river shad Gudusia chapra (Clupeidae) in the old Brahmaputra river, north eastern Bangladesh. Sains Malaysiana 43(11), 1645-1655.

Alam MT, Rahmatulla SM, Alam MS, Rahman MF.2002. Food and feeding habit of Gudusia chapra (Hamilton). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 21, 41-44.

Chilari A, Legaki MT, Petrakis G. 2005. Population structure and reproduction of the deep-water shrimp Plesionika martia (Deacpoda: Pandalidae) from the western Ionian Sea. Journal of Crustacean Biology25, 233-241.

Chondar SL. 1975. Morphometry and centre of gravity – its bearings to specify maturity stages in Gudusia chapra. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society56, 207-217.

Chondar SL. 1976. Meristic and non-meristic characters in analysis of races of Gudusia chapra (Ham.). Agra University Journal of Research: Science (SAUS) 25,  103-124.

Daniels RJR. 2002. Freshwater Fishes of Peninsular India. Hyderabad: Universities Press. 288 pp.

Froese R, Pauly D. (Eds) 2009. Fish Base 2009.World Wide Web electronic publication. Available at: (last accessed on 10 July 2009). http://www.fishbase.org

Hile R. 1936. Age and growth of Leucicththysartedi in the lakes of North eastern high land, Wiscoonsin. Bulletin of the National Research Council (U.S.)-Washington 48,  211-217.

Hoda SMS.1986. Maturation and fecundity of the mudskipper Boleopthalmus dussumieri Cuv. And Val. From the Karachi coast, Mahasagar- bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India 19, 73-78.

Hossain MY, Jasmine S, Ibrahim AHM, Ahmed ZF, Rahman MM, Ohtomi J. 2009. Length-weight and length-length relationships of 10 small fish species from the Ganges, Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Ichthyology25, 117-119.

Hossain MY, Rahman MM, Fulanda B, Jewel MAS, Ahmed F, Ohtomi J. 2011. Length-weight and Length-length relationships of five threatened fish species from Jamuna (Brahmaputra River tributary) River, northern Bangladesh.Journal of Applied Ichthyology 28, 275-277.

Jayaram KC. 1999. The Freshwater Fishes of the Indian Region. Delhi: Narendra Publishing House, India.

Le Cren ED. 1951. The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition of perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology 21, 210-219.

Mondal DK, Kabiraj A. 2010. Feeding and reproductive biology of Indian river shad Gudusia chapra in two floodplains lakes of India. Electronic Journal of Biology6(4), 98-102.

Narejo NT, Jafri SIH, Shaikh SA. 2000. Studies on age and growth of palri, Gudusia chapra (Clupeidae: Teleostei) from the Keenjhar Lake (District: Thatta), Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology42, 307-312.

Oh CW, Suh HL, Park KY, Ma CW, Lim HS. 2002. Growth and reproductive biology of the freshwater shrimp Exopalaemon modestus (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) in lake of Korea. Journal of Crustacean Biology22, 357-366.

Panthulu VR. 1961. Determination of age and growth of Mystusgulio by the use of pectoral spines with observations on its biology and fishery in Hoogly estuary. Proceedings of the National Institute of Science of India27, 198-225.

Rahman AKA.1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology. University of Dhaka, pp. 364.

Rahman MA, Haque MM. 2006. Population Dynamics and Stock Assessment of Gudusia chapra (Hamilton-Buchanan) in the Rajdhala Reservoir, Netrakona, Bangladesh. Asian Fisheries Science19, 281-292.

Ricker WE.1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin Fisheries Research Board of Canada 191, 1-382.

Sani R, Gupta BK, Sarkar UK, Pandey A, Dubey VK, Singh LW. 2010.      Length weight relationships of 14 Indian freshwater fish species from the Betwa (Yamuna River tributary) and Gomti (Ganga River tributary) rivers. Journal of Applied Ichthyology26, 456-459.

Talwar PK. 1962. A contribution to the biology of the halfbeak, Hyporhamphus georgii (Cuv.And Val.) (Hemirhamphidae). Indian Journal of Fisheries 9(1), 168-196.

Talwar PK, Jhingran AG. 1991. Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries. Calcutta: Oxford and IBH Publishing.

Thilsted SH, Roos N, Hasan N. 1997. The role of small indigenous fish species in food and nutrition security in Bangladesh. NAGA News letter, July–December, pp. 13.

Thilsted SH. 2003. The importance of small indigenous fish species for improved human nutrition in rural Bangladesh. In Small Indigenous Species of Fish in Bangladesh, Technical Proceedings of BAU-ENRECA/DANIDA Workshop, edited by Wahab, M.A., Thilsted, S.H. &Hoq, M.E. Mymensingh: Bangladesh Agricultural University.

Varghese TJ. 1961. Observations on the biology of Raconda russelliana (Gray). Indian    Journal of Fisheries 8(1), 96-106.

Vinci GK, Suresh VR, Bandyopadhyaya MK. 2005. Biology of Gudusia chapra (Hamilton-Buchanan) from a floodplain wetland in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Fisheries 52, 73-79.