Species diversity, forest structure and composition of the Mangrove forest in the Sangalang locality, Biliran Island, Philippines

Paper Details

Research Paper 11/06/2023
Views (266) Download (54)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Species diversity, forest structure and composition of the Mangrove forest in the Sangalang locality, Biliran Island, Philippines

Melanie P. Moncada, Ruffy M. Rodrigo
J. Bio. Env. Sci.22( 6), 109-114, June 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mangrove forests contribute to the diversity, richness and productivity of coastal ecosystems. Unfortunately, these forest types are vulnerable to both human-caused and natural disturbances. In order to learn more about their diversity, structure and composition, and disturbance impact, nine permanent plots were established across three transect lines in Sangalang mangrove forest. The results showed a low species diversity using Shannon index (2.15), with five identified Rhizophora species within the study area. Additionally, the disturbance had no significant effect on the forest’s structure (p < 0.05). Our research will serve as baseline for understanding the status of the mangrove forest and provides valuable insight for potential forest policies that could help protect and preserve these ecologically essential habitats in the island.

VIEWS 66

Abino AC, Castillo JAA, Lee YJ. 2014. Assessment of species diversity, biomass, and carbon sequestration potential of a natural mangrove stand in Samar, the Philippines. Forest Science and Technology 10, 2-8.

Ali A, Yan ER. (2017). Functional identity of overstorey tree height and understorey conservative traits drive aboveground biomass in a subtropical forest. Ecological Indicators 83, 158-168.

Alimbon JA, Manseguiao, MRS. 2021. Species composition, stand characteristics, aboveground biomass, and carbon stock of mangroves in Panabo Mangrove Park, Philippines. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity 22.

Chapin FS, Woodwell GM, Randerson JT, Rastetter EB, Lovett GM, Baldocchi DD, Clark DA, Harmon ME, Schimel DS, Valentini R, Wirth C. 2006. Reconciling carbon-cycle concepts, terminology and methods. Ecosystems 9, 1041-1050.

Dixon, P. 2003. VEGAN, a package of R functions for community ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science 14, 927-930.

Goloran AB, Laurence C, Glenn B, Tricia MA. 2020. Species composition, diversity, and habitat assessment of mangroves in the selected area along Butuan Bay, Agusan Del Norte, Philippines. Open Access Library Journal 7, 1-11.

Ogawa Y, Sadaba RB, Kanzaki M. 2022. Stand structure, biomass, and net primary productivity of planted and natural mangrove forests in Batan Bay Estuary, Philippines. Tropics 31, 1-9.

Pan Y, Birdsey RA, Phillips OL, Jackson RB. 2013. The structure, distribution, and biomass of the world’s forests. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 44, 593-622.

Primavera JH, Dela Cruz M, Montilijao C, Consunji H, Dela Paz M, Rollon RN, Maranan K, Samson MS, Blanco A. 2016. Preliminary assessment of post-Haiyan mangrove damage and short-term recovery in Eastern Samar, central Philippines. Marine Pollution Bulletin 109, 744-750.

Primavera JH. 1995. Mangroves and brackishwater pond culture in the Philippines. Hydrobiologia 295, 303-309.

Primavera JH. 2000. Development and conservation of Philippine mangroves: institutional issues. Ecological Economics 35, 91-106.

Rosen F, Olsson P. 2013. Institutional entrepreneurs, global networks, and the emergence of international institutions for ecosystem-based management: the Coral Triangle Initiative. Marine Policy 38, 195-204.

Spalding M, Parrett CL. 2019. Global patterns in mangrove recreation and tourism. Marine Policy 110,103540.

Walters BB, Rönnbäck P, Kovacs JM, Crona B, Hussain SA, Badola R, Primavera JH, Barbier E, Dahdouh-Guebas F. 2008. Ethnobiology, socio-economics, and management of mangrove forests: A review. Aquatic Botany 89, 220-236.

Yachi S, Loreau M. 2007. Does complementary resource use enhance ecosystem functioning? A model of light competition in plant communities. Ecology Letters 10, 54-62.