Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2016

VIEWS 2
| Download 1

Species richness and spatial diversity of spiders among fodder crops

Muhammad Arshad Rana, Munaza Shabnam, Naureen Rana, Tayyba Sultana, Salma Sultana, Sobia Kanwal, Marriam Batool

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.8(3), 168-178, March 2016

Certification:

JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study was designed to record species richness and spatial diversity of spiders among fodder crops at Okara district. Sampling was made from berseem and mustard crops through pitfall traps. Equal number of traps were placed in three rows e.g. along the boundary, middle of the field and centre of the field. Each trap was filled with mixture solution of alcohol and glycerin (70:30%) along with few drops of kerosene oil. After 5 days interval sample traps collected and spider specimens were washed with distilled water and permanently stored in labeled glass vials. Each spider specimen was identified according to the taxonomic material and internet source. Maximum spatial distribution of spider species was documented in middle transect than boundary and centre of the fodder crops. Population variations were recorded during the months of February, March and April in 2015, due to rise of temperature, decrease of humidity and availability of prey. It was concluded that spider species have direct correlation with temperature and suitable local conditions. Moreover, spiders are cost effective, functionally significant and play a key role in insect pest management.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Species richness and spatial diversity of spiders among fodder crops

Ahmad S, Ghafoor A, Iqbal MZ. 2005. Biodiversity of Gnaphosid spiders of Triticum vulgare from District Okara, Punjab, Pakistan. Indus Journal Biological Science 2(4), 477-482.

Anonymous. 2012-13. Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Economic Wing), Government of Pakistan. Islamabad.

Barrion AT, Litsinger TA. 1995. Riceland spider of South and South Asia. International Rice Research Institute Philphines.

Dippenaar-Schoeman A. 2006. Spiders – The African Farmer’s Best Friend. Science in Africa – Africa’s First On-Line Science Magazine, 1-4 P.

Douglas AL, Stephen DW, Geoff MG. 2000. Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture. Annual Review of Entomology 45, 175-201.

Ghaffar A, Musthaq S, Rana SA, Khalil-ur-Rehman. 2011. Influence of Citrus and Guava Branch Architecture on Foliage Spider Fauna. Journal of Agriculture Biology 13, 406-410.

Govt. of Pakistan. 2010. Agriculture Statistics, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics, Pakistan.

Hussain A, Khan S, Bakhsh A, Imran M, Ansar M. 2010. Variability in fodder production potential of exotic oats (Avena sativa) genotypes under irrigated conditions. Journal of Agriculture Research 48, 65-71.

Kazim M, Perveen R, Hussain R, Fatima N. 2014. Biodiversity of spiders (Arachnida: araneae) of Karachi (urban) Sindh province, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2(6), 308-313.

Liljesthrom G, Miner vino E, Castro D, González A. 2002. La comunidad de arañas Del cultivo de soja en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Neotropical Entomology, 3(2), 197-210.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 34-36 P.

Mushtaq S, Beg MA, Aziz S. 2003. Biodiversity and temporal varieties in the abundance of cursorial spiders of a cotton field at Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 35(2), 125-131.

Musthaq S, Ali, MA, Riaz  M, Murtaza A, Ahmad S. 2005. Spider as insect’s natural enemies: evaluation of feeding niche of co-existing foliage species in cotton. Indus Cotton 2, 193-204.

Platnick NI. 2012. The world spider catalog, version 12.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog

Pradeep M, Sankaran, Malamel, Jobi J, Sebastian PA. 2015. Redescription of the orb-weaving spider Gasteracantha geminate (Fabricius, 1798) (Araneae, Araneidae) Zootaxa, 3915(1), 147– 150.

Rajeswaran J, Duraimurugan P, Shanmugam. PS. 2005. Role of spiders in agriculture and horticulture ecosystem. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 3(3-4), 147 152.

Rana MA, Shabnam M, Rana N, Sultana T, Sultana S, Kanwal S, Ahmad I. 2016. Population dynamics of ground dwelling spider genera among mustard crop. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 8(2), 114-123.

Rittschof CC. 2012. The effects of temperature on egg development and web site selection in Nephila clavipes. Journal of Arachnology, 40(1), 141-145.

Seyfulina RR. 2003. Spatial distribution of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in agro-ecosystems of the European part of Russia. Proc. 21stEur. Colloq. Arachnol. 275-292 P.

Seyfulina RR, Tshernyshev VB. 2001. Hortobiont spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in agro-ecosystems of Moscow Province (species composition, spatial distribution and seasonal dynamics). ENT. Obozr. 81(Suppl. 1), 137-148.

Tikader BK, Biswas B. 1981. Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity. Record of Zoological Survey India 30, 1-148.

Tikader BK, Malhotra MS. 1982. The fauna of India. Araneae, I (Part II). Lycosidae. Zoological Survey India, Calcutta.

Thomas O, Mér O, Janjatovi M, Horváth R, Mrkobrad K, Žuljevic A. 2014. Factors influencing the appearance of spider (Araneae) and beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages in nests of great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus. Biologia 69(7), 920-925.

Wise DH. 1993. Spiders in ecological webs. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Zhu MS, Song DX, Zhang JX. 2003. Fauna Sinicaa: Arachnidat, Aranea, Tetragnathidae. Science Press, Beijing, China, 418 P.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background