J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(6), 214-224, June 2014
Araneae (spiders) is a widespread order found almost anywhere in the world. It is well-adapted to different habitats. his pioneer study was conducted to determine species richness and abundance of spiders in Mt. Matutum, South Cotabato, Philippines. Sampling was conducted for five field days from November 18-22, 2013 for 70 man-hours at five sites with elevations of 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400 and 1500 meters above sea level using sweep netting and vial-tapping. Twenty-three spider species belonging to nine families were collected. Highest species richness was recorded in site 2 at an elevation of 1200 meters above sea level, after which species richness decreased with increasing elevation. Leucauge decorata of family Tetragnathidae was the most abundant species. Results indicate that elevation and habitat type affect the species richness and abundance of spiders.
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