Status of coral communities in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines

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Research Paper 01/09/2018
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Status of coral communities in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines

Mirasol Azcuna-Montaño, Judith R. Silapan
J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 3), 176-189, September 2018.
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The Lamawan Pony Marine Protected Area (MPA) in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines was created to improve marine conservation and fisheries management. This study evaluated the current status using the biophysical indicators on the MPA and the reef systems. The biophysical parameters include coral cover quality and diversity, fish composition and baseline sedimentation rate employing Coral Point Count Excel Extension (CPCe), Fish Visual Census (FVC) and sediment traps, respectively. Two study sites were established: inside the core zone and within the buffer zone to assess possible significant difference in the status of marine resource at sites. Results of the study showed that the estimated total area of the MPA core zone was 0.0586km2. The mean of live coral cover is poor (15.99%) that includes the vulnerable species of Heliopora coerulea (0.24%) and Diploastrea heliopora (0.34%). Fish composition is generally low (M=1.15individuals/m2). Baseline sedimentation rate is high (M=6.5mg/cm2/day). Between sites, coral cover (t=2.24, p=0.028) and baseline sedimentation rate (t=4.65, p=0.00097) significantly differed, while fish density do not differ significantly (t=-0.374, p=0.3554) at sites. Despite these conditions, results suggest that increasing the no-take zone area to at least 20% of the total MPA size is necessary to achieve the goals set for an MPA.


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