Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Status of scleractinian corals and reef-associated benthos in Tres Marias Islets, Northwest Leyte, Eastern Philippines

Research Paper | June 1, 2021

| Download 19

Jason G Tuang-tuang

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.18( 6), 1-7, June 2021


JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Coral reefs of the Tres Marias Islets provide habitat for diverse marine organisms and significantly contribute to the economic activities in Northwest Leyte, Eastern Philippines. Unfortunately, no comprehensive and detailed study was conducted to determine the status of the hard coral and the reef-associated benthic resources in Tres Marias Islets, particularly, Tabuk Islet being a marine protected area. Baseline coral resources assessment was done in randomly identified stations in the Tres Marias Islets. The modified Reef Check methodology was used to determine the percentage covers and generic diversity based on the Taxonomic Agglomeration Units (TAUs). Tabuk Islet had the highest hard coral cover and generic diversity than the other two Islets. Four Evolutionary Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) hard coral species were recorded in Tres Marias Islets. Furthermore, a coral bleaching event was observed in the area and reported officially in this study. The findings of this study highlight the effectiveness of the establishment of a marine protected area in the growth and recruitment of reef-building corals.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Status of scleractinian corals and reef-associated benthos in Tres Marias Islets, Northwest Leyte, Eastern Philippines

Azanza RV, Aliño PM, Cabral RB, Junio-Meñez MA, Pernia, EM, Mendoza RU, Siriban CS. 2017. Valuing and Managing the Philippines’ Marine Resources toward a Prosperous Ocean-Based Blue Economy. Public Policy (Philippines) 18, 1-26.

Cabansag JBP, Tuazon AKRT, Paraboles LC. 2011. Fish Corral Composition, Abundance and Distribution in the Reef Flat of Palompon, Leyte, Philippines. Annals of Tropical Research 33, 62-84.

Cesar SA, Amoin NB, De Dios HHY, Dy DT. 2014. Thermal stress affects zooxanthellae density and chlorophyll-a concentration of the solitary mushroom coral, Heliofungia actiniformis. Philippine Journal of Science 143, 35-42.

Crabbe MJC. 2016. Coral at the EDGE of Existence. Journal of Marine Science: Research and Development 6, e143.

Edgar GJ, Stuart-Smith RD, Willis TJ, Kininmonth S, Baker SC, Banks S, Barrett NS, Becerro MA, Bernard ATF, Berkhout J, Buxton CD, Campbell SJ, Cooper AT, Davey, M, Edgar SC, Försterra G, Galvan DE, Irigoyen AJ, Kushner DJ, Moura R, Parnell PE, Shears NT, Soler G, Strain EMA, Thomson RJ. 2014. Global Conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506, 216-220.

Flower J, Ortiz JC, Cholett I, Abdullah S, Castro-Sanguino C, Hock K, Lam V, Mumby PJ. 2016. Interpreting coral reef monitoring data: A guide for improved management decision. Ecological Indicator 72, 848-869.

Gomez ED, Alcala AC, San Diego AC. 1981. Status of Philippine Coral Reefs – 1981. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium; 1981; Manila. 1, 275-282.

Gomez ED, Aliño PM, Yap HT, Licuanan WY. 1994. A review of the status of Philippine reefs. Marine Pollution Bulletin 29, 62-68

Graham NAJ, Nash KL. 2012. The importance of structural complexity in coral reef ecosystems. Coral Reefs 32, 315-326.

Groves CR, Game ET. 2016. Conservation planning: Informed decisions for a healthier planet. Greenwood Village, Colorado: Roberts and Company Publishers.

Guest JR, Low J, Tun K, Wilson B, Ng C, Raingeard D, Ulstrup KE, Tanzil JTI, Todd PA, Toh TC, McDougald D, Chous LM, Steinberg PD. 2016. Coral community response to bleaching on a highly disturbed reef. Science Reports 6, e20717.

Guzman C, Shinzato C, Lu T, Conaco C. 2018. Transcriptome analysis of the reef-building octocoral, Heliopora coerulea. Science Reports 8, 8397.

Hughes TP, Barnes ML, Bellwood DR, Cinner JE, Cumming GS, Jackson JB, Kleypas J, van de Leemput IA, Lough JM, Morrison TH, Palumbi SR, van Nes EH, Scheff M. 2017. Coral reefs in the Anthropocene. Nature 546, 82-90.

Licuanan AM, Reyes MZ, Luzon, KS, Chan MAA, Licuanan, WY. 2017. Initial findings of the nationwide assessment of Philippine coral reefs. Philippine Journal of Science 146, 177-185.

Licuanan WY, Gomez ED. 2000. Philippine coral reefs: status and the role of the academe to improve their management. Proceedings 9th International Coral Reef Symposium; October 23-27, 2000. Bali, Indonesia.

Licuanan WY, Robles R, Reyes M. 2019. Status and recent trends in coral reefs of the Philippines. Marine Pollution Bulletin 142, 554-550.

Littler MM, Littler DS, Brooks BL. 2006. Harmful algae on tropical coral reefs: bottom-up eutrophication and top-down herbivory. Harmful Algae 5:565-585 Sale, P.F. et al. 2005. Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Biology & Evolution 20, 74-80.

Paraboles LC, Campos WL. 2018. Fecundity and Oocyte Development of the White-spotted Rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus (Park, 1797) in Palompon, Leyte, Eastern Visayas, Philippines. Asian Fisheries Science 31, 245-251

Sale PF, Cowen RK, Danilowicz BS, Jones GP, Kritzer JP, Lindeman KC, Planes S, Polunin NVC, Russ GR, Sadovy YJ, Steneck RS. 2005. Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Biology & Evolution 20, 74-80

Van Woesik R, Done TJ. 1997. Coral communities and reef growth in the southern Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 16, 103-115.

Ward-Paige CA, Risk MJ, Sherwood OA, Jaap WC. 2015. Clinoid sponge surveys on the Florida Reef Tract suggest land-based nutrient inputs. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51, 570-579.