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Stimulatory effect of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria and phosphorus management on P uptake, phosphorus use efficiency and crude protein of wheat

Muhammad Islam, Shazma Anwar, Muhammad Shafi, Jehan Bakht

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Int. J. Biosci.15(3), 344-356, September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.3.344-356


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Phosphorus is the important essential nutrient for vigorous growth and consequently increase crop yield. But its availability is very minute for plant uptake because it is fixed and precipitated in soil and goes to unavailable pool. The current study was therefore, designed to enhance P-uptake and phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) by phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from various combinations of organic and inorganic P sources i.e. farmyard manure (FYM), poultry manure (PM) and single superphosphate (SSP) at the Agronomy Research Farm, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, during 2015-16 and 2016-17. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) having four replications. Phosphorus was managed at the rate of 75 kg ha-1 for all plots. Among the P management ratios, significantly higher crude protein (12.82 %), grain P concentration (0.38%), straw P concentration (0.17%), grain P uptake (16.5 kg ha-1), straw P uptake (13.7 kg ha-1), total P uptake (30.2 kg ha-1) and PUE (25.3%) was achieved by the application of 50% P from PM + 50% from SSP. Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria significantly improved crude protein (11.15 %), grain P concentration (0.36%), straw P concentration (0.16 %), grain P uptake (14.6 kg ha-1), straw P uptake (12.5 kg ha-1), total P uptake (27.1 kg ha-1) and PUE (22.0 %). It is concluded that PSB in combination with 50% P from PM + 50% from SSP proved superiority for quality wheat production, P uptake and PUE in the agro climatic condition of Peshawar-Pakistan.


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Stimulatory effect of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria and phosphorus management on P uptake, phosphorus use efficiency and crude protein of wheat

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