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Research Paper | November 1, 2019

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Strenghtning the agriculture domain in central plain valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by public and private agriculture extension system

Shahzad Malik, Ayesha Khan

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Int. J. Biosci.15(5), 173-181, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.173-181


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The instant study was conducted in central plain valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to evaluate the strengthening of agriculture domain through capacity building of farmers by public and private agriculture extension sectors. Three districts namely Peshawar, Mardan and Charsada were selected purposively. Single tehsil was purposively selected from each district i.e. Town-4, Takhtbhai and tehsil Charsada respectively. Sample size for the present study was 270 respondents i.e. 90 from each tehsil. Data were collected from respondents through well-structured interview schedule. Simple percentages and frequencies were calculated whereas, paired t-test was applied to compare gap between capacity building of farmers by both aforementioned sectors. It was found that the respondents praised private sector in capacity building regarding farm management (59.2%), selection of varieties (54.4%), selection of fertilizers (56.3%) and harvesting techniques (57.4%) whereas the public sector performed best in capacity building of farmers reading IWM (58.5%), IPM (64.8%) and orchard layout (62.2%). There was highly significant (p≤0.01) difference among public and private services regarding capacity building of farmers in terms of farm management, improve marketing skills, harvesting techniques, organic farming, IPM, seed rates and orchard layout. Overall there was a big gap in the strengthening of agriculture domain by public sector extension and private sector extension through capacity building of farmers. It is suggested that both extension sector must work on joint venture basis and should holds joint extension activities in order to strengthen the agriculture domain for the betterment of farming community.


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Strenghtning the agriculture domain in central plain valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by public and private agriculture extension system

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