Studies on the effect of stocking density on growth performance and survival of shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in grow out ponds

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2019
Views (320) Download (10)

Studies on the effect of stocking density on growth performance and survival of shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in grow out ponds

Jannatul Ferdaus Mou, Md. Anisur Rahman, Prianka Paul
Int. J. Biosci.14( 5), 246-255, May 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The present study was made to find out the favorable stocking density of Penaeus monodon in semi intensive (SI) shrimp culture system grow out ponds. The research work was conducted in FAHIM AQUA PARK, Shrimp Farm, Bemarta Union at sadar Upazilla, under Bagerhat district in Bangladesh. In grow out pond, Peneaus monodon healthy juveniles of average size 0.93 ± 0.04 g were stocked at three (10 m2, 20 m2 and 30 m2) densities for a period of 120 days. Artificial feed (CP Feed) was distributed evenly four times daily. After the experimental period of 120 days estimated productions were (468.61 ± 19.02) and (778.97 ± 8.17) g/m2 from low and high stoking densities respectively. Shrimps attained a final mean body weight of (48.95 ± 4.51), (37.42 ± 6.13) and (30.08 ± 5.07) g in T1 (10 m2), T2 (20 m2) and T3 (30 m2) respectively. The highest survival rate (97.60 ± 1.27%) was obtained from low stoking density of T1 (10 m2) compared to T3 (30 m2). Higher specific growth rate (3.29 ± 0.07%) and low feed conversion ratio (1.37 ± 0.12) were found in the low stocking density of T1 (10 m2). Individual growth performance, survival indicates effectively negative relation with stocking density.


Alokesh KG, Sumitra S, Joyanta B, Shikder SI, Khandaker AH, Niamul N. 2013. Probiotic tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) farming at different stocking densities and its impact on production and economics. International Journal of Research in Aquaculture 3(2), 25-29.

Araneda M, Perez EP, Gasca-Leyva E. 2008. White shrimp Penaeus vannamei culture in freshwater at three densities: condition state based on length and weight. Research Journal of Aquaculture, 283, 13–18.

Arnold SJ, Sellars MJ, Crocos PJ, Coman GJ. 2006. Intensive production of juvenile tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon: An evaluation of stocking density and artificial substrates. Research Journal of Aquaculture 261, 890-896.

Ang KJ, Law YK. 1996. Macrobrachium rosenbergii nursery production in cages under different stocking densities. In: The Role of Aquaculture in World Fisheries (ed. by T.J. Heggbertget, J.G. Woiwode & R.J. Wolotira Jr), 219-224.

Apud FD. 1989. Recent developments in prawn pond culture. Aquaculture extension pamphlet no. 1, May, 1989. Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC, Tigbauan, Iioilo, the Philippines 24.

Boyd CE, Fast AW. 1992. Pond monitoring and management. In: Marine Shrimp Culture: Principles and Practices, edited by A. W. Fast and L. J. Lester Elsevier, Amsterdam, 497-508.

Banerjea SM. 1967. Water quality and soil condition of fish ponds in some state of India in relation to fish production. Indian. Journal of Fish 14, 114-144.

Chakraborty SC, Pau AK, Hossain MA. 1997. Effect of stocking density on growth of tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) fed on commercial formulated diets. Bangladesh Journal of Fish Research 1, 53-63.

Chanratchakool P, Turnbull JF, Limsuwan C. 1993. Health Management in Shrimp Ponds. Published by Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, and Bangkok.

Chiu YN. 1988b. Site selection for intensive prawn farms. In: Technical Consideration for the Management and Operation of Intensive Prawn Farms, edited by Y.N. Chiu, L.M. Santos and R.O. Juliano, U.P. Aquaculture Society, Iioilo city, the Philippines, 25-28.

Das SK, Saksena DN. 2001. Farm management and Water quality in relation to growth of Penaeus monodon in modified extensive shrimp culture system. Journal of Inland fish. Society, India. 33(2), 55-61.

Foster LRM, Beard TW. 1974. Experiments to assess the suitability of nine species of prawns for intensive cultivation. Research journal of Aquaculture. 3, 355–368.

Farhana A. 2017. The export trend of Shrimp Industries in Bangladesh: An analysis. Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ). 5(9), September 2017, 80.

Fast AW, Lannan JE. 1992. Pond Dynamic Processes. In: Fast AW and Lester J (eds). Marine Shrimp Culture; Principles and Practices, Elsevier Science Publication, Amsterdam. 431-455.

Hansell J. 1993. Health Management in Shrimp Ponds. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Jatujak, Bangkok, Thailand, p 2.

Krishna PV, Bhanu Prakash K, Hemanth KV, Prabhavathi K. 2015. Growth, survival and production of Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei at different stocking densities under semi intensive culture systems in Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Advanced Research 3(9), 446–452.

Kabir MH, Eva IJ. 2014. Environmental impacts of shrimp aquaculture: the case of Chandipur village at Debhata upazila of Satkhira district, Bangladesh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Science. 40(1), 107-119.

LeCren ED. 1962. The efficiency of reproduction and recruitment in freshwater fish. In: The Exploitation of Natural Animal Populations. E.D. LeCren and M.M. Holdgate, (Eds.), Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 283-296.

LeCren ED. 1965. Some factors regulating the size of populations of freshwater fish. Mitt. Int. Ver.

Theor. Angew. Limnol. 88-105.

Liao IC. 1981. Status and problems of grass prawn culture in Taiwan. Paper presented at the ROC- Japan Symposium on Mericulture, Taipei, Taiwan. 1-35.

Liao IC, Murai T. 1986. Effects of dissolved oxygen, temperature and salinity on the oxygen consumption of grass shrimp, Penaeus monodon. In: J.L. Machlean, L.B. Dizon and L. V. Hosillos (eds.). The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries society, Manila, Philippines. 641-646.

Pakrasi BB. 1978. Ecology of brackishwater ponds. In: Training in Brackishwater prawn and fish farming, held at Kakdwip Research Center, August-September. 30, 13-16.

Rouse DB, Austin CHM, Medley PB. 1991. Information on the Australian crayfish. Aquaculture Magazine. 46-56.

Shakir C, Lipton AP, Manilal A, Sugathan S, Selvin J. 2014. Effect of Stocking Density on the Survival Rate and Growth Performance in Penaeus monodon. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 10, 231-238.

Sandifer PA, Hopkins JS, Stokes AD. 1987. Intensive culture potential of Penaeus vannamei. Journal of World Aquaculture Society 18(2), 94-100.

Siddharaju S, Menon VR. 1982.  Experiments on shrimp farming in Kovalam backwaters of Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Symposium on Coastal Aquaculture 1, 134-145.

Suresh CH, Shailender M. 2012.  Effect of Stocking Density on Growth and Survival of Giant Tiger Prawn, Penaeus monodon in Estuarine Backwater Areas in Estuarine Backwater Area. International Journal of Bio-Pharma Research. 2, 68-71.

Sookying D, D’Silva FS, Davis DA, Hanson TR. 2011. Effects of stocking density on the performance of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei cultured under pond and outdoor tank conditions using a high soybean meal diet. Research Journal of Aquaculture. 319, 232–239.

Shrivastava V, Chadha NK, Koya M, Lakra WS, Paramita BS, Remya S. 2017. Effect of Stocking Density on Growth and Survival of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (de Man, 1888) Post Larvae. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(9), 1779-1789.

Verghese PU, Ghosh AN, Das PB. 1975. On growth, survival and production of Jumbo Tiger Prawn, Penaeus monodon Fabricius in brackish water ponds. Bull. Dept. Mar. Sci. Univ. Cochin. 7(4), 781-789.

Wyban JA, Lee CS, Sato VT, Sweeney JN, Richards WKJ. 1987. Effect of stocking density on shrimp growth rates in manure-fertilized ponds. Research Journal of Aquaculture 61, 23-32.

Washim MR, Rahman SL, Nahar S, 2016. Culture potential of SPF (specific pathogen-free) shrimp (Penaeus monodon) with special context of its growth and production performance in South-west coastal region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 4(6), 339-344.

Zaki MA, Nour AA, Abdel-Rahim MM, Srour TM. 2004. Effect of stocking on survival, growth performance, feed utilization and production of marine shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus in earthen ponds. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 30(B), 429-442.