J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(2), 341-348, August 2014
Present study documents distinctive service-beneficiary complex relationship which exists between Berberis and mountain wildlife. The synergized co-evolved epigenetic relationship observed in high mountain areas is reported for the first time. Ethno-veterinarian and zoopharmacological practices from the area have also been discussed. It is a common observation of local communities that when wildlife (especially avian and ungulates) gets physically hurt, they rush towards Berberis and eat berries and/or chew leaves or bark. Various stakeholders including hunters (57.77±5.47%), shepherds (70.74±4.20%) and local population (29.52±4.19%) have either personally observed or believe in Berberis-wildpharma interactive phenomenon. Similarly traditional communities use Berberis spp. to treat various veterinarian ailments including fracture of limbs (42.23±1.73%), back bone injury (10.42±1.04%), external injury (7.76±1.06), internal wounds (22.10±1.27%) and delivery incisions (7.23±1.48%). During present investigations, no observation was recorded regarding utilization of Berberis by herpetofauna and carnivores animals.
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