Study of heterosis in different cross combinations of tomato for yield and yield components

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2015
Views (250) Download (6)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Study of heterosis in different cross combinations of tomato for yield and yield components

Mehboob Ahmad, Zishan-Gul, Zaheer Ullah Khan, Mazhar Iqbal, Bilal khan, Maria Saleem, Ihsan Ullah
Int. J. Biosci.7( 2), 12-18, August 2015.
Certificate: IJB 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The purpose ofconducting present study was to evaluate the performance of different cross combinations of tomato for mid parent heterosis and better parent heterosis regarding yield and yield related traits. Forthe parameters: No of fruits/clusters, No of fruits/plants, Fruitweight, plant height and yield/plant,some of the combinations showed significant positive mid parent heterosis. No positive significant mid-parent heterosis was observed for the parameters like fruit length and fruit size. Significant better-parent heterosis was observed in some cross-combinations for the parameters: No of fruits/clusters, No of fruits/plants and yield/plant. While, no significant positive heterosis was observed for the parameters like fruit-length, fruit diameter,fruit size and fruit weight. For fruit length and fruit diameter all the combinations showed negative value of heterosis. Significant positive heterosis for yield/plant is great achievement in our study as yield/plant is the ultimate goal of tomato growers.

VIEWS 8

Agarwal A, Arya DN, Ranjan R, Ahmed Z. 2014. Heterosis, combining ability and gene action for yield and quality traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) .Helix 2, 511- 515.

Ahmad S. 2002. Genetics of fruit set and related traits in tomato under hot humidconditions. Ph D Thesis. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman AgriculturalUniversity, Salna, Gazipur, 1-236.

Ahmad S, Quamruzzaman AKM, Islam MR. 2011. Estimate of heterosis in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.).Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 36(3), 521-527.

Chattopadhyay A, Paul A. 2012. Studies on heterosis for different fruit quality parameters in tomato. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment & Biotechnolog 5(4), 405-409.

Chauhan VBS, RajKumar, Beheraand TK, Yadav RK. 2014.  Studies on Heterosis for yield and its Attributing Traits in Tomato (Solanumlycopersicum L.). International Journal of Agriculture, Environment & Biotechnology 7(1), 95-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/j.2230-732X.7.1.013

Choudhary B, Punia RS, Sangha HS. 1965. Manifestation of hybrid vigour in F1 and its correlation in F2 generation of tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum) .Indian Journal of Horticulture 22, 52-59.

Dharmatti PR, Madalageri BB, Patel RV, Gasti VD.1996. Heterosis study in tomato.Karnatik journal of agricultural Sciences 9(4), 642-648.

Fehr WR. 1987. In: Principles of cultivar development 1, MacMillan Publishing Company, USA.

Gul R, RahmanH, Khalil IH, Shah SMA, Ghafoor A. 2010. Heterosis for flower and fruit traits in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). African Journal of Biotechnology 9(27), 4144-4151. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB09.1765

Gul R, Rahman H, Tahir M, Naeem M, Ghafoor A. 2013. Estimates of heterosis for morphological and flavor attributes in tomato. International Journal of Vegetable Science 19(3), 256-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19315260.2012.719598

Hageman RH, Leng ER, Dudley JW. 1967. A biochemical approach to corn breeding. Advances in Agronmy 19, 45-86.

Hasan N, Saeed A, Shakeel A, Saleem MF, Ahmad A, Yasin S. 2014. Genetic analysis to find suitable parents for development of tomato hybrids. Agriculture & Forestry 4(60), 255-265.

Hedrick UP, Booth NO. 1968. Mendelian characters in tomato. Proc American Society of Horticultural Science 5, 19-24.

Islam MR, Ahmad S, Rahman MM. 2012. Heterosis and qualitative attributes in winter tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) hybrids. Bangladesh Journnal of Agricultural Research 37(1), 39-48.

Kumari S, Sharma MK. 2011. Exploitation of heterosis for yield and its contributing traits in tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L . International Journal of Farm Sciences 1(2), 45-55.

Solieman THI, El-Gabry MAH, Abido A. 2013. Heterosis,potence ratio and correlation of some important characters in tomato (solanum Lycopersicum ).ScientiaHorticulturae 150, 25-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.10.024

Patwary A, Rahman M, Ahmad S, Khaleque MA, Barua H. 2013. Study of heterosis in heat tolerant tomato (solanumlycopersicum) during summer.Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 38(3), 531-544.

Ramzan A, Khan TN, Nawab NN, Hina A, Noor T, Jillani G. 2014. Estimation of genetic components in f1 hybrids and their parents in determinate tomato (solanum lycopersicum l.). Journal of Agricultural Research 52(1), 65-75.

Rood SB, Buzzel RI, McDonald MD. 1988. Influence of temperature on heterosis in maize seedling growth. Crop Science 28, 283-286.

Sekhar L, Prakash BG, Salimath PM, Hiremath CP, Sridevi O, Pati AA. 2010.Implications of heterosis and combining ability among productive Single cross hybrids in tomato.Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 1(4), 706-711.

Shull GH. 1908. The composition of field maize. Report of American Breeders’s Association 4, 296-301. http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/content/os/1/296.extract

Singh NB, Wani SH, Haribhushan A, Nongthombam R . 2012. Heterosis studies for yield and its components in tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum ) under valley conditions of manipur.Society for plant research 25(2), 257-265.

Wynne JC, Emary DA, Rice PH. 1970. Combining ability estimation in F1 Arachic hypogea hybrid. Crop Science 10, 713-715.