Study of land use/cover dynamics around forest ecosystems of Kabare and Idjwi areas in Democratic Republic of Congo using GIS and remote sensing

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Research Paper 01/01/2019
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Study of land use/cover dynamics around forest ecosystems of Kabare and Idjwi areas in Democratic Republic of Congo using GIS and remote sensing

A. O. Kalala, N. N. Migabo, Z. Balezi, N. Zirirane, M. Bagalwa
J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 1), 185-193, January 2019.
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Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo becomes an important problem and causes loss of biodiversity and degradation of many ecosystems. Among this problem, many strategies are used such as reforestation, use of stoves to reduce firewood cut. This study analyzes the dynamic of land use/cover change in forest ecosystems of Kabare and Idjwi over a period of 29 years. Remote sensing was used in GIS to detect change from 1986 to 2015. The results show an increasing of the area in woodlots about 8.48 % in 1986 to 8.79 % in 2015, tropical grasslands from 0.78% to 0.84%, farmlands to 29.99% to 31.94% and settlements from 0.03% to 1.29%. Other classes decreased such as dense forests (14.12% to 10.76%) and water (46.59% to 46.38%). The matrices of change detection show that the area has been changing from one land use to another. The increasing was observed in agricultural area and settlements area from 1986 to 2015. There is the need to take critical measures to regulate land use/cover and conserve the environment not only in this area of study but also whole forest ecosystems in DRC eastern.


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