Study of stability and adaptation on yield components of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2013
Views (310) Download (8)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Study of stability and adaptation on yield components of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes

Mohammad Motamedi, Parviz Safari, Hossein Vaezi
Int. J. Biosci.3( 8), 234-240, August 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The development of genotypes, which can be adapted to a wide range of diversified environments, is the ultimate goal of plant breeders in a crop improvement programs. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate 25 durum wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes including 3 registered cultivars and 17 advanced breeding lines for their stability grown in three different locations of Iran and to select genotypes having desirable traits to be used in future bread wheat breeding program. Field trials were conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications at each location. Combined analysis of variance across environments indicated that both environments and GE interactions influenced significantly the genotypes performance for number of spikes per square meter, number of kernels per spike, 1000 kernel weight and grain yield. The stability analysis method of Eberhart-Rusell was used to describe the GE interaction and to define stable genotypes in relation to yield components. The results showed for seed per spike number genotypes 18, Marvdasht and 13 were stable. Based on Eberhart and Russell’s method in experiment for 1000 grain weight genotypes 15 and 19 having regression coefficient near to 1 was known as genotype with good adaptability to all environments. The results showed 1000 grain weight in comparison to other traits was more stable.

VIEWS 5

Aina OO, Dixon AGO, Paul I. Akinrinde EA. 2009. G×E interaction effects on yield components of wheat genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 4933-4945

Akcura M, Kaya Y, Taner S, Ayranci R. 2006. Parametric stability analyses for grain yield of durum wheat. Plant Soil Environment 52, 254-261.

Akcura M., Kaya Y, Taner S. 2005. Genotype-environment interaction and phenotypic stability analysis for grain yield of durum wheat in the Central Anatolian Region. Turkish Journal Agricultural 29, 369-375.

Anonymous. 2008. Agricultural statistics, Field and Horticultural Crops. Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran. (www.maj.ir). (In Persian).

Björnsson I. 2002.  Stability Analysis Towards Understanding Genotype x Environment Interaction. Plant Agriculture Department of University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Budak N, Yildirim MB. 2001. Interpreting genotype x environment interaction by using AMMI Statistics Model in mutant durum wheat populations. 4th Field Crop Cong. Turkey 4, 17-21.

Eberhart SA, Russell WA. 1966. Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Science. 6, 36-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00215085

Finlay KW, Wilkinson, GN. 1963. The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding program. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 14, 742-754. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR9630742

Garcia del Moral LF, Rharrabti Y, Villegas D, Royo C. 2003. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in durum wheat under Mediterranean conditions: An ontogenic approach. Agronomy Journal 95, 266-274.

George C, Fernandez J. 1991. Stability and adaptability phenotypic analysis of Re- amostragem “Bootstrap” by Model AMMI. PhD thesis. University of Sao Paulo. Estimates. Horticulture Science 26(8): 947-950.

Kafa I, Kirtok Y. 1991. Researches on genotype x environment interactions and adaptation performances of ten spring wheat cultivars in Cukurova conditions. Journal Faculty Agriculture Cukurova University 5(2). 287-295 (Turkish).

Kang MS, Pham HN. 1991. Simultaneous selection for high yielding and stable crop genotypes. Agronomy Journal 83, 161-165. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008 300010037x

Kilic H, Erdemci I, Karahan T, Aktas H, Karahan H, Kendal E. 2005. Determination of adaptation capability of some durum wheat cultivars in the southeastern Anatolian conditions. GAP IV. Agriculture Sanliurfa pp. 768-773 (Turkish).

Korkut KZ, Baser I. 1995. Researches on genotype x environment interactions and stability parameters of grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal Tekirdag Univiversity Agriculture Faculty 2(2): 63-68. (Turkish).

Lin CS, Binns MR, Lefkovitch LP. 1986. Stability analysis: Where do we stand? Crop Science 26, 894-900. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1986.0011183X002600050012x

Lin CS, Binns MR. 1988. A superiority measure of cultivar performance for cultivar × location data. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68, 193-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjps88-018

Ozberk I, Ozberk F, Coskun Y, Demir E, Dogru C. 2004. An assessment of genotype x environment interactions in durum wheat variety registration trials by rank stability method. Harran University Journal Faculty Agriculture 8(1): 71-75. (Turkish).

Peterson CJ, Johnson VA, Schmidt JW, Mumm RF, Anderson JR. 1989. Genetic Improvement and the Variability in Wheat Yields in the Great Plains. Variability in Grain Yields: Implications for Agricultural Research and Policy in Developing Countries. 175 – 184.

Pham  HN.  Kang  MS.  1988.  Interrelationships among repeatability of several stability statistics estimated from international maize trials. Crop science 28, 925-928. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1988.0011183X002 800060010x

Pinthus JM. 1973. Estimate of genotype value: a proposed method. Euphitica 22,121-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00021563

Roemer T. 1917. Sin die ertragsre sorten ertragssicherer. Mitt DLG 32, 87-89.

Romagoza I, Fox PN. 1993. ‘Genotype x Environment interaction and adaptation. Plant breeding: Principles and Prospects, 1st edn. Plant breeding series. pp. 373-390

Sakin MA, Acinci C, Duzdemir O, Donmez E. 2011. Assessment of genotype x environment interaction on yield and yield components of durum wheat genotypes by multivariate analyses. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(15), 2875-2885.

SAS institute. 2000. SAS/STAT user’s guide. 8 Version. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC.

Shindin IM, Lokteva OV. 2000. Evaluation of spring wheat varieties at primorskey for ecological plasticity. Ann. Wheat. Newslet. 46, 105-106.

Shukla  GK.  1972.  Some  aspects  of  partitioning genotype×enviromental components of variability. Heredity 28, 237-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1972.87

Sial MA, Arain MA, Ahmad M. 2000. Genotype environment interaction on bread wheat grown over multiple sites and years in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 32: 85-91.

Tian JC, Zhang HU, Rui-bo Z, Deng A, Wang Y. 2007. The Variation and Stability Analysis of Wheat Dough Stability Time. Agricultural Sciences in China 6(2) 143-149.

Wricke G. 1962. Uber eine methode zur refassung der okologischen streubretite in feldversuchen. Flazenzuecht 47, 92-96.