Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Study of the diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Côte d’Ivoire

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

| Download 2

Ekumou V. Akesse, Coffi F. Didier Adou, Mamadou Karamoko, Jean D. Memel, Otchoumou Atcho

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.9( 1), 192-200, July 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis was studied from samples collected in the coastal waters of Côte d’Ivoire, for 12 months. According to the qualitative analysis of the stomach contents of all these animals, fish and crustaceans represented respectively, 50.23% and 38.65% of the examined stomachs are the most regularly consumed prey. The monthly evolution of the vacuity coefficient shows that this index varies according to the sexual cycle. Juveniles feed primarily on crustaceans. The stomachs bowl of the adults contains fish but also crustaceans and cephalopods whose frequencies are relatively significant, which would let think that Sepia officinalis changes trophic behavior in connection with the evolution of its physiological state and that at the adult state, the animal acquires performances which enable him to apprehend the preys with fast movements in fact the fish.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Study of the diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Côte d’Ivoire

Altman S, Nixon M. 1970. Use of the beaks and radula by Octopus vulgaris in feeding. Journal Zoologique London 161, 25-38.

Bakhayokho M. 1980. Pêche et biologie des céphalopodes exploités sur les côtes du Sénégal (12°20N-16°03N). Thèse de spécialité (3ème cycle), Mention biologie, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest 119 p.

Castro B, Guerra A. 1990. The diet of Sepia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) and Sepia elegans (D’Orbigny, 1835) (Cephalopoda, Sepioidea) from the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain). Scientia Marina 54, 375-388.

Coelho M, Domingues P, Balguerias E, Fernandez M, Andrade JP. 1997. A comparative study of diet of Loligo vulgaris (Lamarck, 1799) (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) from the south coast of Portugal and the Saharan Bank (Central-East Atlantic). Fisheries Research, 29, 245–255.

Collins MA, De Grave S, Lordan C, Burnell GM, Rodhouse PG. 1994. Diet of the squid Loligo forbesi Steen strup (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae) in Irish waters. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51, 337-344.

Direction de l’aquaculture et des pêches DAP. 2012. Annuaire des statistiques des pêches et de l’aquaculture 25p.

Fischer W, Bauchot ML, Schneider M. 1987a. Méditerranée et Mer Noire. Invertébrés. Fiches d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Rome I , 1-760.

Fischer W, Bauchot ML, Schneider M. 1987b. Méditerranée et Mer Noire. Vertébrés. Fiches d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Rome II, 761-1530.

Gole Bi GG, Koffi KJD, Dadi SG. 2005. Contribution socio-économique de la pêche artisanale en Côte d’Ivoire. DFID, Programme pour des Moyens d’Existence Durables dans la Pêche (PMEDP) en Afrique de l’Ouest (GCP/INT/735/UK).

GUERRA A, 1985. Food of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis and Sepia esculentain the Ria de Vigo (N.W. Spain) (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Jlool. Ser A.GBR  207(4), 511-519.

Hatanaka H. 1979. Studies on the fisheries biology of common Octopus off the north-west coast of Africa. Bull Far Seas Fish Res Lab 17, 13-124.

Hureau JC, 1970. Biologie comparée de quelques poissons antarctiques (Nototheniidae). Bull. Inst. Océanogr. Monaco 68(1391), 1-245.

Hyslop EJ. 1980. Stomach contents analysis. A review of methods and their application. Journal Fish Biological 17, 411-429.

LE MAO P. 1985. Place de la seiche Sepia officinalis (Mollusque  Céphalopode) dans les chaînes alimentaires du Golfe Normado-Breton. Cahier Biologie Marine XXVI 331-340.

Mangold K. 1982. Quelques aspects de la croissance des céphalopodes. Océanis 8, 533-549.

NAJAI S, KTARI M. 1974. Etude du régime alimentaire de la seiche commune Sepia of ficinalis Linné, 1758 (Mollusque, Céphalopode) du golfe de Tunis. Bulletin Institut  National Scientifique Technique Océanographique. Pêche Salammbo 6(1-4), 53-61.

Pezennec O, Bard FX. 1992. Importance écolo-gique de la petite saison d’upwelling ivoiro-ghané-enne etchangements dans la pêcherie de Sardinella aurita. Aquaculture Living resource 5, 249-259.

Pinkas L, Oliphant MS, Iverson LK. 1971. Food habits of albacore, blue fin tuna and bonito in Californian waters. Calif. Fish. Game 152, 1-105. 

RICHARD A. 1971. Contribution à l’étude expérimentale de la croissance et de la maturation sexuelle de la seiche Sepia officinalis L. (Mollusque: Céphalopode). Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Lille, n° 2453, 264P.

Schoener TW. 1970. “Non-synchronous spatial of lizards in patchy habitats,” Ecology, vol. 51, pp. 408.