Study of the different types of digestive lesions: Epidemiological and histopathological aspects

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Research Paper 01/07/2021
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Study of the different types of digestive lesions: Epidemiological and histopathological aspects

Djabali Nacira, Ghanes Khadidja
Int. J. Biosci.19( 1), 180-188, July 2021.
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Abstract

This work aims to study the histopathological aspect of different lesions of the digestive tract and their distribution according to age and sex during a period from January 2014 to March 2018. This work was carried out at the anatomopathology department of El-Tarf hospital. We counted a total of 1006 cases of lesions of the digestive tract. The results obtained show that:

– The most affected age group is between 11 and 50 years old, especially between 31 and 40 years old, the rate of digestive pathologies is subdivided between men and women.

– An increase in digestive lesions each year (2014-2018).

– The majority of these lesions are concentrated in the appendix (benign lesion), followed by lesions of the stomach and anus and finally the colon.

– Benign lesions of the inflammatory and mechanical type represent a majority against the other types of lesions, among the inflammatory and mechanical lesions, appendicitis is the most frequent type, and lesions of the esophagus are too rare.

– Chronic atrophic gastritis presents the majority of stomach lesions, followed by interstitial gastritis.

– Duodenal atrophies present the most dominant type in the small intestine, followed by chronic duodenitis and intestinal inflammation.

– Chronic colitis presents the most dominant type in the colon and rectum, followed by adenocarcinomas.

– Hemorrhoids present the highest rate of anal pathologies followed by anal fissures and finally anal fistulas.

We have studied the microscopic appearance of chronic atrophic gastritis, low-grade gastric dysplasia, acute appendicitis and rectal tumor.

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