Study of the influence of electromagnetic fields on Human well-being in buildings of the urban area of Annaba (Algeria)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2019
Views (273) Download (15)

Study of the influence of electromagnetic fields on Human well-being in buildings of the urban area of Annaba (Algeria)

Bouslama Amina, Boukhemis Kaddour, Abdelmelek Hafedh
J. Bio. Env. Sci.15( 5), 1-7, November 2019.
Certificate: JBES 2019 [Generate Certificate]


In nowadays, wireless communication technologies (Wi-Fi, mobile phone, relay antennas…) have become part of the city’s structure and have shaped a new image of our towns. Although, wireless communication played a leading role in the development of cities and smart-cities around the world. The present study based on a survey evaluating of Human well-being related to electromagnetic fields pollution (EMFP) in the urban area of Annaba (Algeria). A sociological survey conducted on 227 citizens (between 18- 39 years old). The most important results of our investigation demonstrated a correlation between EMFP exposure and Human well-being. In addition, EMFP disrupt physiological parameters leading to tiredness on waking, migraines, insomnia and stress. In conclusion, the EMFP could have a negative impact on Human well-being related to building architecture in Annaba urban area.


Abdelmelek HMolnar AServais SCottet-Emard JMPequignot JMFavier R, Sakly M. 2006. Skeletal muscle HSP72 and norepinephrine response to static magnetic field in rat. Journal of Neural Transmission 113(7), 821-7.Adey WR. 1993. Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 51, 410-416.

Ammari M, Brillaud E, Gamez C, Lecomte A, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H, De Seze R. 2008. Effect of a chronic GSM 900MHz exposure on glia in the rat brain. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 62, 273-281.

Ammari M, Othman HSakly MAbdelmelek H. 2017. Effects of repeated restraint stress and WiFi signal exposure on behavior and oxidative stress in rats. Metabolic Brain Disease 32(5), 1459- 1469.

Batty M, Axhausen KW, Giannotti FA, Pozdnoukhov A, Bazzani A, Wachowicz M, Ouzounis G, Portugal Y. 2012. Smart cities of the future. The European Physical Journal Special Topics 214, 481-518.

Ben Salah M, Abdelmelek H, Abderrabbah M. 2013. Effects of olive leave extract on metabolic disorders and oxidative stress induced by 2.45 GHz WIFI signals. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 36, 826-834.

Brillaud E, Piotrowski A, De Seze R. 2007. Effect of an acute900MHz GSM exposure on glia in the rat brain: a time-dependent study. Toxicology 16, 23- 33.

Chater S, Abdelmelek H, Couton D, Joulin V, Sakly M, Ben Rhouma K. 2005. Sub-acute exposure to magnetic field induced apoptosis in thymus female rats. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences 21(3), 292-297.

Frank P. 2002. The Preamble of the Constitution of the World Health Organization. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 80(12), 981-984.

Ghodbane S, Lahbib A, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H. 2013. Bioeffects of static magnetic fields: oxidative stress, genotoxic effects, and cancer studies. BioMed Research International 2013(4), 602987.

Maffei ME. 2014. Magnetic field effects on plant growth, development, and evolution. Frontiers in Plant Science 5, 445.

Mead MN. 2008. Benefits of Sunlight: A Bright Spot for Human Health. Environmental Health Perspectives 116(4), A160- A167.

Othman H, Ammari M, Rtibi K, Bensaid N, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H. 2017. Postnatal development and behavior effects of in-utero exposure of rats to radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional WiFi devices. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 52, 239- 247.

Pall ML. 2018. Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health. Environmental Research 164, 405- 416.

Röösli M. 2014. Epidemiology of electromagnetic fields, biological effects of electromagnetics series. CRC Press of Taylor and Francis group p. 125.

Saili L, Hanini A, Smirani C, Azzouz I, Azzouz A, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H, Bouslama Z. 2015. Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure in Albinos rabbit. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 40, 600-605.

Tsai HY, Chen KC, Yang YK, Chen PS, Yeh TL, Chiu NT, Lee IH. 2011. Sunshine-exposure variation of human striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability in healthy volunteers. Progress in Neuro- Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 35(1), 107- 110.

Vian A, Davies E, Gendraud M, Bonnet P. 2016. Plant Responses to High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Hindawi Publishing Corporation BioMed Research International 2016(2),1-13.

Viel JF,Clerc SBarrera CRymzhanova RMoissonnier MHours MCardis E. 2009. Residential exposure to radiofrequency fields from mobile phone base stations, and broadcast transmitters: a population-based survey with personal meter. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 66, 550-556.