Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | January 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Study on chemical compounds of precipitation and determination of nitrogen and sulfur input from precipitation in guilan province, Iran

Fatemeh Ghanaatgar, Fatemeh Shariati, Leila Ooshaksaraie

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(1), 34-42, January 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Study on precipitation in order to determinate the compounds in the rain and their effects on quality of surface and ground water and also, soil resource is very important. In this research, sampling of precipitation was performed in Guilan Province in order to study rain composition for a period of 5 months (from March, 2013 up to June 2013). Sampling was performed from four meteorology synoptic stations located at four counties of Guilan Province consisting of Manjil, Lahijan, Rasht and Bandaranzali. In Rasht, two sampling stations have been determined consisting of Rasht Airport and Moallaem Blvd., synoptic stations. In this study, all precipitations in this time limit were sampled with consideration to the amount of precipitation in mentioned time. The samples were obtained at the beginning of precipitation that were 35 samples from all stations. For all samples, pH, EC (Electrical Conductivity), nitrate, nitrite, sulfate, ammonia, calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium have been measured. Nitrate, nitrite and sulphate were determined through spectroscopic method based on standard methods. The results indicate that maximum amount of pH has been in Moallem Bld., of Rasht 7.92 and minimum amount of pH has jointly been at Rasht Airport and Lahijan stations, 6. Average amount of nitrate and nitrite at all precipitations are 0.14±0.19 and 0.06±0.02 mg L-1, respectively and minimum amount of nitrate in 14 samples has been less than detection limit of method. Average of other factors has been consisting of calcium 15.82±7.69, magnesium 7.50±5.06, sodium 2.50±0.50 and potassium 0.24±0.07 mg L-1. Amount of nitrogen and sulfur input studied up to March, 2013, has been calculated in the Province, 1.94 kg and 1.06× Kg. year-1, respectively. Comparison of the amount of nitrogen and sulfur input in a year and with other regions in the world indicates that the amount of input of these two elements in the studied region is very low. Therefore, Guilan Province does not have acidic precipitation and after precipitation, there is not been noticeable amounts of pollutants in it.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Study on chemical compounds of precipitation and determination of nitrogen and sulfur input from precipitation in guilan province, Iran

Alebic A, Sojot U. 1998. Chemical Composition of Rain Water Collected At Tow Sampling Sites in The City of RijeKa. Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology 99,245-250.

Báez A, Belmont R, García R, Padilla H, Torres M. 2007. Chemical Composition of Rainwater Collected at a Southwest Site of Mexico City, Mexico. Journal of Atmospheric Research 86, 61–75.

Erfan Manesh M, Afyouni M. 2008. Environment, Water, Air and Soil Pollution. Ardakan Danesh Publication, 116.

Gholam Abbas K, Mehdizadeh H. 2001. The Amount of Minerals and Chemicals of Atmospheric Precipitations of the Region of Shahroud. The Fifth Congress of the Association of Geology in Iran 401 – 405.

Gulsoy G, Tayanc M, Erturk F. 1999. Chemical Analyses of the Major Ions in the Precipitation of Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Pollution 105, 273-280.

Kimberly A, Shepson H, Shepson B. 2005. Measurement of Wet Deposition of Inorganic and Organic Nitrogen in a Forest Environment. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, 1-14.

Liu B, Shichang K, Sun J, Zhang Y, Xu R, Wang Y, Cong Z. 2013. Wet Precipitation Chemistry at a High-altitude Site in the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20,5013–5027.

Mphepya J, Galy-lacaux C, Lacaux J, Held G, Pienaar J. 2006. Precipitation Chemistry and Wet Deposition in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 53, 169–183.

Okay C, Akkoyunlu B, Tayanc M. 2002. Composition of Wet Deposition in Kaynarca, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Pollution 118, 401–410.

Pan Y, Wany Y, Tang G, Wu D. 2012. a. Wet and Dry Deposition of Atmospheric Nitrogen at ten Sites in Northen China. Journal of Atmospheric chemistry and Physics 12, 6515-6535.

Pan Y, Wany Y, Tang G, Wu D. 2012. b. Spatial Distribution and Seasonal Variations of Atmospheric Sulfur Deposition over Northern China. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 12, 23645-23677.

Shivashankara G, Sharmila G. 2012. pH and Chemical Composition of Bulk Precipitation – Karnataka, India. Journal of International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering 42, 121-124.

Yin Huang D, Xu Y, Zhang H, Lan J. 2009. Chemical Composition and Seasonal Variation of Acid Deposition in Guangzhou, South China: Comparison with Precipitation in other Major Chinese Cities. Journal of Environmental Pollution 157, 35–41.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background