Study on Lifestyle Practices among Secondary School Adolescents of Rural and Urban Areas in Bangladesh

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Research Paper 04/08/2023
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Study on Lifestyle Practices among Secondary School Adolescents of Rural and Urban Areas in Bangladesh

Moumita Paul, Afshan Zareen, Khan Nasrin Jahan, Ayesha Mahzabin Chowdhury, Debashish Kumar Ghosh
Int. J. Biosci.23( 2), 92-105, August 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

An unhealthy lifestyle among adolescents is a serious and often unnoticed problem. It seems that there are differences in the lifestyle of adolescents from rural and urban areas. A comparative cross-sectional study among 420 adolescents (both urban and rural) who were selected purposively, attending in selected rural and urban secondary schools of Comilla from January to December 2019 with aim to compare lifestyle practices between rural and urban adolescents studying in secondary schools of Bangladesh. Data were collected by face-to-face interviewing of the respondents using a semi-structured questionnaire and a check list after having informed verbal consent. The collected data were checked for completeness and cross checked for consistency. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 26.0. Strict confidentiality was maintained for the collected data, while all sorts of ethical issues were taken into consideration. Among 420 students, 57.2% boys and 43.4% girls studying in urban schools and 42.8% boys and 56.6% of girls in rural schools, 65.1% rural students were underweight compared to 34.9%urban students as well as 60.6% urban students were overweight compared to 39.4%rural students and 72.7% urban students were obese compared to 27.3% rural students. Regarding the student’s physical activity, statistically significant difference between urban and rural students were found as skipping (71.1% vs 28.9%; p=0.003); aerobics (58.3% vs 41.7%; p=0.038); swimming (31.5% vs 68.5%; p=0.000); cricket (56.0% vs 44.0%; p=0.046); football (57.9% vs 42.1%; p=0.041); basketball (77.8% vs 22.2%; p=0.016) were found. Urban students took mixed food 55% while rural students took 45% only. Fat intake was predominantly higher among urban students (80%) compared to rural students (20%). In this study 75% of urban students never ate fresh vegetables while 58.5% of rural students ate vegetables once a day. of urban red to urban students 56.5% rural students never took junk food, 57.8% rural students never took soft drinks and 64.9%rural students never took food in restaurants. The lifestyles of adolescent in the rural and urban areas are lightly different. Prevalence of underweight was higher among rural children and overweight and obesity was higher among urban students. To avoid overweight and obesity, adolescents should know about BMI and should maintain healthy lifestyles also initiate health promotion efforts, the level of awareness should be improved among the adolescents.

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