Study on the comparative antibacterial activity of Polyalthia longifolia (Debdaru) leaf extracts to some selective pathogenic bacterial strains

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2013
Views (315) Download (17)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Study on the comparative antibacterial activity of Polyalthia longifolia (Debdaru) leaf extracts to some selective pathogenic bacterial strains

Anzana Parvin, Jesmin Akter, Md. Mehedi Hassan, Nirupam Biswas
Int. J. Biosci.3( 5), 17-24, May 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The increasing social and economic implications caused by pathogenic bacteria means there is a constant striving to develop near antibacterial agents. The present study was carried out in vitro to determine antibacterial activity of Polyalthia longiflia (Debdaru) leaf extracts with hexane, methanol and chloroform against six tested pathogenic bacteria viz. Bacillus subtilis, Sarcina lutea, Xanthomonas compestris, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas sp. Using agar disc diffusion method and MIC determination test. The zone of inhibition against the tested bacteria was found ranging from 21.00 to 44.20mm. The highest zone of inhibition produced by the hexane, methanol and chloroform extracts of Polyalthia longiflia at a concentration of 500μh/10μl against pathogenic bacteria i.e. Sarcina lutea were found 41.80mm, 44.20mm and 43.50mm respectively. The MIC values of all extracts against six tested bacteria were almost 15.625 μg/ 10μl. The plant leaf extracts can be used in the treatment of infectious diseases caused by them. Extensive investigation is needed to isolate the secondary metabolites from the extracts in order to test specific compounds for antimicrobial activity and the underlying mechanisms.

VIEWS 13

Annapurna Y, Mitra S, Iyengar DS, Rao SN, Bhalerao UT. 1983. Antimicrobial Activity of Leaf Extracts of Polyalthialongifolia. Journal of Phytopathology 106, 183–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1983.tb00041.x

Balandrin MF, Klocke JA, Wurtele ES,Bollinger WH. 1985. Natural plant chemicals: sources of industrial and medicinal materials. Science 228, 1154–1160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.3890182.

Barnabas CG, Nagarajan S. 1988. Role of flavonoids and tannins in some medicinal plants- a review. Fitoterapia 3, 508-510.

Boer HJ, Kool A, Broberg A, Mziray WR, Hedberg I,Levenfors JJ. 2005. Antifungal and antibacterial activity of some herbal remedies from Tanzania. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 96, 461-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.09.035

Burapedjo S, Bunchoo A. 1995. Antimicrobial activity of tannins from Terminalia citrine. Planta Medica 61, 365-366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-958103

Faizi  S,  Khan  RA,  Mughal  NR,  Malik  MS, Sajjadi KE, Ahmad A. 2008. Antimicrobial activity of various parts of Polyalthia longifolia var.pendula: isolation of active principles from the leaves and the berries. Phytotherapy Research 22, 907–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr. 2414

Fewell A M, Roddick JG.1993.Interactive antifungal activity of the glycoalkaloids, solanine, and chaconine. Phytochemistry 33, 323–328. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85511-O

Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. 1995. Indian Medicinal plants,Allahabad, India, Universal book distributors, p. 562.

Khabir AO, Oladapo O, Okwara CE, Ibe CC, Fasure KA. 2005. Screening of crude extracts of six medicinal plants used in Southwest Nigerian orthodox medicine for anti-methicillin resistant Staphlococcusaureus activity.BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 5, 6.

Marthanda MM, Subramanyam M, Hima BM, Annapurna J. 2005.Antimicrobial activity of clerodanediterpenoids from Polyalthia longifolia seeds. Fitoterapia 76(3-4), 336-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2005.02.005

Misra P,Sashidhara KV, Sing SP, Shukla PK 2010.Antimicrobial evaluation of clerodanediterpenes from Polyalthialongifolia var.pendula. Natural product communications 4 (3), 327-30.

Malairajan P, Gopalakrishnan G, Narasimhan S, Veni KJ. 2008.Evaluation of anti ulcer activity of Polyalthialongifolia (Sonn.),Thwaites in experimental animals. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 40 (3),126-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0253-7613.42306

Nostro AM, Germano P, Angelo VD, Mariko A, Cannatelli MA. 2000.Extraction methods and bioautography for evaluation of medicinal plant antimicrobial activity. Letters in Applied Microbiology 30, 379-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765x.2000.00731.x

Nair R, Chanda S. 2006a.Evaluation of Polyalthialongifolia(Sonn) Thw.leaf extract for antifungalactivity. J of Cell and Tissue Research 6, 581–584.

Nair   R,    Chanda    S.    2006b.Activity   of   some medicinalplants against certain pathogenic bacterial strains. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 38, 142–144.http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0253-7613.24625

Parekh J, Chanda SV. 2007. In vitroAntimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Some Indian Medicinal Plants. Turkish Journal of Biology 31, 53-58.

Reiner R. 1982. Antibiotica.An Introduction. F Hoffman, La Roche and Co. Ltd. Switzerland, 23-30. p.

Rosakutty PJ, Roslin AS, Ignacimuthu S. 2000. Ethanobotany and medicinal plants of Indian subcontinent.Jodhpur,India, Scientific Publishers, 369. p.

Santos SVK, Krishnakumar T, Manjula CB. 1995. Antimicrobial activity of nine common plants in Kerala, India. Phil. J. Science 127, 65-71.

Sing V, Pandey RP.1998.Ethanobotany of rajasthan.Jodhpur, India, Scientific Publishers, p. 175.

Singh NP, Karthikeyan S. 2000. Flora of Maharashtra State Dicotyledones.Vol. 1. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, 175. p.

Singh R, Dar SA, Sharma P. 2012. Antibacterial activity and toxicological evaluation of semipurified hexane extract of Urticadioica leaves.Res. Journal of Medicinal Plants 6(2), 123-135. http://dx . doi . org/10 . 392 3/rjmp . 2012 . 123 . 1 35

Shih YT,Hsu YY,Chang FR,Wu YC,Lo YC. 2010.6-Hydroxycleroda-3, 13-dien-15,16-olide protects neuronal cells from lipopolysaccaride induced neurotoxicity through the inhibition of microglia mediated inflammation. Planta Medica 76(2), 120-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1186005

Saleem R,Ahmed M,Ahmed SI,Azeem M,Khan RA,Rasool N,Saleem H,Noor F,Faizi S. 2005.Hypotensive activity and toxicology of constituents from root bark of Polyalthialongifolia var. pendula. Phytotherapy Research 19(10), 881-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1732

Stevigny C, Bailly C, Quetin LJ. 2005. Cytotoxic and antitumor potentialities of Aporphinoid alkaloids. Current medicinal chemistry, Anti-cancer agents 5, 173–182.

Shahidi GA. 2004. Evaluation of antimicrobial properties of Iranian medicinal plants against Micrococcus luteus,Serratiamarceceans,Klebsiella pneumonia and Bordetellabranchoseptica. Asian Journal Plant Sciences 3(1), 82-86.

Tanna A, Nair R, Chanda S. 2009.Assesment of anti inflammatory and hepatoprotective potency of Polyalthialongifolia var. pendula leaf in Wistar albino rates. Journal of Natural Medicines 63(1), 80-5. http://dx.doi.org/0.1007/s11418-008-0288-2

Vijaya KS, Ananthan R,Nalini. 1995. Antibacterial effect of theaflavin, polyphenon 60 (Camellia sinensis) and Euphorbia hirta on Shigella spp a cell culture study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 49 (2), 115-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(95)90039-X

Wu YC, Duh CY, Wang SK, Chen KS, Yang TH. 1990. Two new natural azofluorene alkaloids and a cytotoxicaporphine alkaloids from P. Longifolia. Journal of Natural Products 53, 1327– 1331.