Study on the effect of COVID-19 on the finfish hatchery industry in the Jashore region of Bangladesh

Paper Details

Research Paper 04/05/2023
Views (729) Download (84)

Study on the effect of COVID-19 on the finfish hatchery industry in the Jashore region of Bangladesh

Md. Habibur Rahman, Rahat Kabir, Syeda Maksuda Yeasmin, Tanzir Hosen, Jubyda, Hasan, Md. Abdus Samad, Md. Ataur Rahman, Anusree Biswas, Moumita Choudhury, Md. Yeamin Hossain, Md. Anisur Rahman
Int. J. Biosci.22( 5), 46-61, May 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]


The COVID-19 outbreakhas startled every entrepreneurial sector in Bangladesh, including the fin fish hatchery sector. Personal interviews, focus group discussions, and cross-check interviews with 150 hatchery workers and 50 hatchery owners were conducted in Jashore, Bangladesh, to reveal the COVID-19 impacts on finfish hatchery operations and to learn about the demographic and socio-economic status of hatchery workers. Hatchery workers’ and owners’ perspectives were collected in order to demonstrate how the changes felt and how they affected hatchery operations and the demographic features of workers, and the results were catastrophic. Reduced income, negative impact on livelihood, decreased household consumption, increased mental stress, negative impact on recreational activities, rising unemployment problem, rising family conflicts, barriers to education/drop out, the occurrence of COVID-19 infection, increased birth rate, increased child marriage rate, interruptions in festival celebration, homestead economic development, increased time spent with family, and rising use of social media were identified. The pandemic caused capital crisis, labor shortage, inability to pay workers, low fry demand, high commodity prices,high price of fish feed,low market price of fry, increased disease susceptibility, low attendance service providers, unsold fish fry, transportation obstruction, increased transportation cost, weak value chain, and long-term negative effects on fisheries production. The government should give financial assistance and develop the local market value chain so that disadvantaged workers and owners can pursue alternate sources of income. As a means of tackling the current issues of the COVID-19 epidemic, some resiliencies are advised for the entire fish hatchery business.


Ahamed NU. 1996. Report of the fishermen’s socio-economic survey. Fisheries Survey and Monitoring Program, Department of Fisheries, Tangail.; 1–4.

Ahmed NU. 1999. A study on socio-economic aspect of coastal fishermen in Bangladesh. MS Thesis, Department of Aquaculture. Bangladesh Agricultural University, CUSMymensingh, Bangladesh.

Ali H, Azad MAK, Anisuzzaman M, Chowdhury MMR, Hoque M, Shariful MI. 2009. Livelihood status of the fish farmers in some selected areas of Tarakandaupazila of Mymensingh district. Journal of agroforestry and environment 3, 85-89.

Arndt C, Lewis JD. 2001. The HIV/AIDS pandemic in South Africa: Sectoral impacts and unemployment. Journal of International Development: The Journal of the Development Studies Association 13(4), 427-449.

Asif AA, Rahman MA. 2017. Socio-economic condition of fish farmers of Jhikargachhaupazila in Jessore district, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 3(4), 462-475.

BBS. 2011. Statistical yearbook of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Division, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka: 580.

BBS. 2012. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh-2011. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 31st Edition. BBS, Dhaka.

Bell MV, Karapanagiotidis IT, Little DC, Rakshit SK, Yakupitiyage A. 2006. Polyunsaturated fatty acid content of wild and farmed tilapias in Thailand: effect of aquaculture practices and implications for human nutrition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54(12), 4304-4310.

Béné C, Kawarazuka N. 2010. Linking small-scale fisheries and aquaculture to household nutritional security: an overview. Food Security 2(4), 343-357.

BER. 2019. Bangladesh Economic Review 2019 Finance division, ministry of finance government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh June 2019.

Bermejo A. 2004. HIV/AIDS in Africa. New Economy 11(3), 164-169.

Burgui D. 2020. Coronavirus: How action against hunger is responding to the pandemic. Available in:

CGIAR. 2020. Fish and aquatic food systems COVID-19 updates: Bangladesh. Research program on fish.

Chaturvedi K, Vishwakarma DK, Singh N. 2021. COVID-19 and its impact on education, social life and mental health of students: A survey. Children and youth services review, 121, 105-866.

DoF. 2020. Yearbook of Fisheries Statistics of Bangladesh, 2019-20. Fisheries Resources Survey System (FRSS), Department of Fisheries. Bangladesh: Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock 37, 141 p.

Do F. 2019. Yearbook of Fisheries Statistics of Bangladesh, 2018-19. Fisheries Resources.

Dyussenbayev A. 2017. Age periods of human life. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 4(6).

Ercilla LI, Espinosa-Romero MJ, Rivera-Melo FJF, Fulton S, Fernández R, Torre J. 2021. The voice of Mexican small-scale fishers in times of COVID-19: impacts, responses, and digital divide. Mar. Policy 131, 104606.

FAO. 2021. The Impact of COVID-19 on Fisheries and Aquaculture Food Systems, Possible Responses. Rome: FAO.

Hanashima M, Tomobe KI. 2012. Urbanization, industrialization, and mortality in modern Japan: A spatio-temporal perspective. Annals of GIS, 18(1), 57-70.

Hasnin N. 2020. Impact of Coronavirus on Livelihoods: Rural and Low-Income Population of Bangladesh. Lightcastle Analytical wing.

HLPE. 2014. Food losses and waste in the context of sustainable food systems. A report by the high-level panel of experts on food security and nutrition of the committee on world food security, Rome.

Hussain G. 2021. Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Aquaculture Value Chains in Bangladesh.

IEDCR. 2021. Bangladesh Covid-19 Update.Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Controland Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (Accessed 12 January 2022).

Islam MM, Islam N, Sunny AR, Jentoft S, Ullah MH, Sharifuzzaman SM. 2016. Fishers’ perceptions of the performance of hilsa shad (Tenualosailisha) sanctuaries in Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management 130, 309-316.

Islam MM, Kar C, Kundu GK, Mondal G,  Khan MS. 2018. Current status and barriers to fisheries comanagement: Evidences from an Oxbow lake of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 46(2), 105-116.

Islam MM, Sunny AR, Hossain MM, Friess DA. 2018a. Drivers of mangrove ecosystem service change in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. Singapore Journal of tropical geography 39(2), 244-265.

Mohammed EY, AliL, AliS, Hussein B, Wahab MA, Sage N. 2020. Hilsa’s NonConsumptive Value in Bangladesh: Estimating the Nonconsumptive Value of the Hilsa Fishery in Bangladesh using the Contingent Valuation Method, IIED, London, 2020. IIED Working Paper.

Nazrul S. 2020. How has the Covid 19 pandemic impacted the fisheries sector? Lightcastle Analytical Wing.

Pravakar P, Sarker BS, Rahman M, Hossain MB. 2013. Present Status of Fish Farming and Livelihood of Fish Farmers in ShahrastiUpazila of Chandpur District, Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences. 13 (3), 391-397.

Rahman MA, Hossain MY, Tanjin S, Mawa Z, Hasan MR, Jasmine S. 2021. Effects of COVID‐19 pandemic on Baor (Oxbow lake) fisheries: Decreased economic livelihoods and food security. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, 26(3), e12374.

Rashid H. 2020. Problems arising in fish farming due to corona disaster. BonikBarta, 2020, Available in

Sar TT, Aernan PT, Houmsou RS. 2010. H1N1 influenza epidemic: public health implications for Nigeria. International Journal of Virology, 6(1), 1-6.

Siche R. 2020. What is the impact of COVID-19 disease on agriculture?. Scientia Agropecuaria 11(1), 3-6.

Sunny AR, Ahamed GS, Mithun MH, Islam MA, Das B, Rahman A, Chowdhury MA. 2019a. Livelihood Status of the Hilsa (Tenualosailisha) Fishers: The Case of Coastal Fishing Community of the Padma River. Bangladesh. Journal of Coastal Zone Management 22(2), 469.

Sunny AR, Ahamed GS, Mithun MH, Islam MA, Das B, Rahman A, Chowdhury MA. 2019. Livelihood Status of the Hilsa (Tenualosailisha) Fishers: The Case of Coastal Fishing Community of the Padma River. Bangladesh. Journal of Coastal Zone Management 22(2), 469.

Sunny AR, Alam R, Sadia AK, Miah Y, Hossain S, Mofiz SB. 2020a. Factors affecting the biodiversity and human well-being of an ecologically sensitive wetland of North Eastern Bangladesh.Journal of Coastal Zone Management 23(1), 471.

Sunny AR, Hassan MN, Mahashin M, Nahiduzzaman M. 2017. Present status of hilsa shad (Tenualosailisha) in Bangladesh: A review. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2099-2105.

Sunny AR, Islam MM, Rahman M, Miah MY, Mostafiz M, Islam, N, Keus HJ. 2019b. Cost effective aquaponics for food security and income of farming households in coastal Bangladesh. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 45(1), 89-97.

Sunny AR, Reza J, Anas M, Hassan, MN, Baten MA, Hasan R, Monwar MM, Solaimoan, H, Hossain MM. 2020b. Biodiversity assemblages and conservation necessities of ecologically sensitive natural wetlands of north eastern Bangladesh. Indian Journal of GeoMarine Sciences, 49 (01), 135-148.

USDA. 2012. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 25. Washington DC.

Wang H, Wang Z, Dong Y, Chang R, Xu C, Yu X, Cai Y. 2020. Phase-adjusted estimation of the number of coronavirus disease 2019 cases in Wuhan, China. Cell discovery 6(1), 1-8.

Workie E, Mackolil J, Nyika J, Ramadas S. 2020. Deciphering the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on food security, agriculture, and livelihoods: a review of the evidence from developing countries. Curr. Res. Environ. Sustain. 2:100014.

WHO. 2020a. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Situation Report 1. 21January2020. 5 p Available in: 2019/situation-reports/