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Research Paper | December 6, 2022

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Study on the motives and reasons for using dietary supplements among female bachelor Saudi students of King Saud University

Manal Abdulaziz Binobead, Nada Abdullah Ahmad Alamri, Sahar Abdulaziz Alsedairy, Laila Naif Al-Harbi, Shaista Arzoo

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Int. J. Biosci.21(6), 241-254, December 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.6.241-254

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Abstract

Introduction: Supplements are quite common and have an enviable position in the world. There has been considerable use of dietary supplements (DS) among many groups, including women, the elderly, health professionals, gymnasts, pregnant women, and children under 18 years of age and university students. The aim of this project was to study the motives and reasons for using DS among female bachelor Saudi students of King Saud University. Data was collected by self-questionnaire. The study was conducted on 400 randomly selected female bachelor students (126 from scientific colleges, 74 from health colleges and 200 from humanitarian colleges) at King Saud University. It has been observed that 186 (46.5%) have used dietary supplements while 214 (53.5%) participants have never used it at all. Vitamin D was the most frequently used supplement followed by multivitamins, iron, omega 3 and others. Doctors were the main influencer and complementing the diet (28.5%) followed by hair and nails issues (26%), improvement in the physical performance (18.5%) and treatment or cure of a specific disease or health problem (16.3%) were the main reasons behind its use. Conclusion: Female students use DS for beauty enhancement, supplementing their diet and for improvement in their physical performance. In addition, vitamin D and multivitamins were the most commonly used DS. Moreover, the use of DS was related to health colleges, academic year, physical activity and reading of food label. There is a need for intensive and better education about dietary supplements.

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Study on the motives and reasons for using dietary supplements among female bachelor Saudi students of King Saud University

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