Studying the salinity stress on physical and growth characteristics of cupressus sempervirens

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (195) Download (8)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Studying the salinity stress on physical and growth characteristics of cupressus sempervirens

M. Zamani, M. H Hakimi, A. Mosleh Arany, B. Kiani, A. Rashtian
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 30-36, July 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of some physiological and growth characteristics under salinity conditions. For this aim, the factorial experiment was randomly designed in three replicates and different salinity treatments (0, 5, 10, 20 ds/m) with and without Sodium nitroproside (SNP) and salicylic acid (SA). Results showed the amount of proline significantly increased in dose 20 ds/m. Applying SA increased the amount of proline three times more than control in dose 20 ds/m. Proline in roots increased in dose 20 ds/m salinity and using these two substances on proline content in roots showed applying SA didn’t increase the amount of sugar in dose 20 ds/m. Sugar in leaves increased with increasing salinity dose 10 and 20 ds/m and applying SA in dose 10 and 20 ds/m and SNP in dose 5 ds/m increased the amount of sugar. Increasing salinity did not change root length and carotenoids, however; leaf Na increased in dose 20 ds/m with increasing salinity and decreased K in dose 10 and 20 ds/m. Increasing salinity did not change the amount of chlorophyll and it caused to decrease wet weight of roots and stems and also using SA decreased dry weight of stems.

VIEWS 7

Abbaspour HH, Afshari MH, Abdel-Wahhab. 2012. Influence of salt stress on growth, pigment, soluble sugars and ion accumulation in three pistachio cultivars. Journal of medicinal plants Research (12), 2468-2473.

Abdel-Baky HM, Hussein M, EI_Baroty G. 2009. Algl extracts improve antioxidant defense abilities and salt tolerance of wheat plant irrigated with sea water. African Journal of Biochemistry 2, 151-164.

Agarwal S, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Meena RC. 2005. Changes in antioxidant enzymes activity and oxidative stress by abscisic acid and salicylic acid in wheat genotypes, Biologia Plant 49, 541-550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10535-005-0048-z

Amin AL. 2008. Cadmium induced change in pigment content ion uptake, prolin content and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity in triticum aestivum seedling Australian Journal of Basic Applied science 2, 57-62.

Bates LS, Waldren RP, Tear ID. 1973. Studies plant and soil. Rapid determination of free proline for water stress 39, 205-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/PLN-100104983

Bohnert HJ, Nelson DE, Jensen RG. 1992. Adaptation to environmental stresses.The Plant Cell 7, 1099-1111.

Boyarshinov AV, Asafova EV. 2011. Stress Responses of Wheat Leaves to Dehydration: Participation of Endogenous NO and Effect of Sodium Nitroprusside. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 58(6),1034–1039. http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1021443711060033

Cengiz K, Sonmez O, Aydemir S, Dikilitas M.2013. Mitigation effect of glycinebetaine on oxidative stress and some key growth parameters of maize exposed to salt stress. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and forestry 37, 188-194.

Colomm R, vazzana C. 2003. Photosynthesis and psii functionality of drought resistance and drought sensitive weeping lovegrass plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 49, 135-144.

Comba ME, Benavides MP, Tomaro ML. 1998. Effect of salt stresson antioxidant defence system in soybean root nodules .Aust.j.plant physiol 25, 605-671.

De Lacerda CF, Cambraia J, Oliva MA, Ruiz HA. 2005. Chages in growth and in solute concentrations in Sorghum leaves and roots during salt strees recovery. Environment and Experimental Botany 54, 69-76.

Delavari parizi M, Baghizadeh A, Enteshari Sh, Manouchehri kalantari K. 2012.The study of the interactive effect of salicylic acid and salinity stress on induction of oxidative stress and mechanisms of tolerance in ocimum basilicum L.Iranian Journal of plant Biology 4(12), 25-36.

De Oliveira V, Camelo Marques E, De Lacerda F, Tarquinio Prisco J, Gomes-Filho E. 2013. Physiological and biochemical characteristics of Sorghum bicolor and Sorghum sudanense subjected to salt stress in two stage of development. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8, 660-670.

During H. 1992. Evidence for osmotic adjustment to drought in grapevines (Vitis vinifera).Vitis 23, 1-10 EI_Tayeb MA. 2005.Response of barley grains to the interactive effect of salinity and salicylic acid. plant Growth Regulation 45, 215-225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2004.00308.x

Grattan SR, Grieve CM. 1994. Mineral nutrient acquisition and response by plants grown in saline environments. In Handbook of plant and crop stress (ed).M.Pessarakli,Mareel Dekker, New York.

Hanan ED. 2007. In fluence of salicylic acid on stress tolerance during seed germination of Triticum aestivum and mordeum vulgare.Biological Research 1, 40-48.

Jaziree MH. 2002.  Afforestation  in  arid  areas. Tehran university press. Second edition. 560p.

Heydari M, Mesri F, kaikha Z. 2010. The salinity effects on metabolism of nucleotide acids, the activity of anti-oxidant enzymes in five verities of rape. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science 41(3), 491-502.

Karimi H, Yusef-zadeh A. 2013. The effect of salinity level on the morphological and physiological Traits of Two Grape (Vitis viniferal.) cultivars.International Journal of Agronomy and plant production 4(5),1108-1117.

Kafi M, Damghani M, Basra A, Basra R. 2002. Resistance mechanisms of plants to environmental stresses. Second Edition, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

Kamalnezhad J, Farahi-ashtiani S, Ghanati F. 2006. Effects of salinity and potassium on the growth and proline accumulation in two barley cultivars. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources 13(19).

Kochert G. 1978. Carbohydrete determination by the phenol sulfuric acid method. In Helebust, J.A.Craig, J.S.(ed): Handbook of physiological method.. Cambridge University Press Cambridge. 56-97.

Lichtenthaler HK. 1987 . Chlorophyll and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Method Enzym 148, 350-382.

Magdy A, Shallan MM, Hazem H, Alia M, Namich A, Alshaimaa AI. 2012. Effect of Sodium Niroprusside, Putrescine and Glycine Betaine on Alleviation of Drought Stress in Cotton Plant American-Eurasian. Journal of Agricultural Environmental Science 12(9), 1252-1265.

Nasibi F, Manochehri K, Yaghobi MM. 2011. Comparing the effects of SNP and arginine pretreatment on some physiological responses of tomato plants under water stress. Iranian Journal of Biology 24(6).

Raskin I. 1992. Role of salicylic acid in plants. In Annual Review of plant physiology and plant molecular Biology. ISSN 1818-6769.

Sudhakar  C,  Reddy  PS,  Veeranjaneyulu  K. 1993. Effect of salt strees on enzymes of proline synthesis and oxidation in green gram (Phseolus aureus) seedling. Journal of Plant Physiology 141, 621-623.

Wellbum AR. 1983. Determinations of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Journal of Biochemistry Soc Trans 11, 591 – 592.

Zhani kauther N, Kezwan HA, Cherif H. 2013. Evalution of salt Tolerance (Nacl) in Tunisian chili pepper (capsicum frutescers) on growth, Mineral Analysis and solutes synthesis. Journal of stress physiology & Biochemistry 9, 209-228.