Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2016

| Download

Suspended algal communities in high altitude rice wetlands of Apatani Plateau in Eastern Himalaya

Rajashree Saikia, Arijit Ganguly, Tapati Das, Debangshu Narayan Das

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.8(3), 1-11, March 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The suspended algal life forms (SALF) were studied in the high altitude rice fields (WRF) covering five randomly selected sites of Apatani Plateau in Arunachal Pradesh, India. The samples were collected fortnightly from WRF in three inundated phases viz. water accumulation (April- May), flooding (June-July) and early recession (August –September) during the rice growing season of 2013. A total of 62 taxa of SALF belonging to the classes Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae were recorded. Closterium sp., Spondylosium sp., Scenedesmus sp., Ulothrix sp., Zygnema sp., Spirogyra sp., Docidium sp. of Chlorophyceae, Navicula sp., Pinnularia sp., Rhizosolenia sp., Tabellaria sp. of Bacillariophyceae and Oscillatoria sp., Nostoc sp., Phormidium sp. of Cyanophyceae were in high abundance in WRF. The study also revealed that Chlorophyceae was the most dominant and diverse class of SALF followed by Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae which was ensued for concurrent existence of rice stems as the affixing substrate of attached algal life forms (AALF) in WRF.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Suspended algal communities in high altitude rice wetlands of Apatani Plateau in Eastern Himalaya

APHA. 2012. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. San Francisco, USA: American Public Health Association.

Ayoade AA. 2009. Changes in physico-chemical features and plankton of two regulated high altitude rivers Garhwal Himalaya, India. European Journal of Scientific Research 27, 77-92.

Baba AI, Sofi, Bhatt SU, Pandit AK. 2011. Periphytic algae of river Sindh in the Sonamarg Area of Kashmir Valley. Journal of Phytology 3, 1-12.

Bahaar SWN, Bhatt GA. 2011. Aquatic biodiversity in the paddy fields of Kashmir Valley (J and K) India. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 5, 269-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajar.2011.269.276

Balsingh GS. 2010. Studies on Phytoplankton diversity and seasonal abundance of a perennial pond in Kanyakumari – Tamilnadu, India. Journal of basic and applied biology 4, 188-193.

Belcher H, Swale E. 1976. A beginner’s guide to freshwater algae. Her Majesty’s stationary office, London.

Catling HD. 1987. Pest management field methods in deepwater rice. Calcutta: International Rice Research Institute, Government of India.

Dalkiran N, Dere S. 2006. Factors Affecting the phytoplankton  diversity  and  richness  in  a  shallow eutrophic lake in Turkey. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 21, 575-581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02705060.2006.9664118

Das DN, Saikia SK, Das AK. 2007. Periphyton in rice–fish culture system: A case study from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 22, 316–319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1742170507001901

Das DR, Haque MR, Chowdhary, BBP, Haque, MA, Alam MN. 2011. Study on monthly variations of plankton in relation to the physico-chemical condition of rice-fish fields in boro season. International Journal Sustainable crop production 6, 43-49.

Desikachary TV. 1989. Atlas of Diatom. Madras: Madras Science foundation.

Duncka B, Nogueirab IS, Felisbertob SA. 2013. Distribution of periphytic algae in wetlands (Palm swamps, Cerrado) Brazil. Brazlian Journal Biology 73, 331-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S15196984201300020001 3.

Edmonson WT. 1992. Freshwater Biology. New Delhi: International books and periodicals supply service.

Fernando CH. 1993. Rice field ecology and fish culture an overview. Hydrobiologia 259, 91-113.

Fernando CH. 1996. Perspectives in Asian fisheries. In de Silva, S. S. (ed) Ecology of rice fields & its bearing o fisheries & fish culture, 1st edn. Asian fisheries society, Manila, 217-237 p.

Fonge BA, Tening AS, Egbe EA, Yinda GS, Fongod AN, Achu RM. 2012. Phytoplankton diversity and abundance in Ndop wetland plain, Cameroon. African Journal of Environmental. Science and Technology 6, 247-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJEST12.025

Fritsch FE. 1945. The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Hansson LA. 1988. Effects of competitive interactions on the biomass development of planktonic and periphytic algae in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 1, 121-128.

Heckman CW. 1979. Rice field ecology in Northeastern Thailand. London: Monographiae Biologicae, Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Hora SL, Pilley TVR. 1962. Handbook on fish culture in the Indo pacific region. FAO, Rome.

Hosmani S, Mruthunjaya TB. 2012. Distribution of phytoplankton in lakes of Tirumalkudal Narasipura of Mysore district. Journal of Research in Science & Technology 1, 28- 32.

Jemi RJ, Balasingh GS. 2011. Seasonal variations of phytoplankton in the freshwater temple pond of Munchirai, Vilavncode Taluk, Kanyakumari district. Journal of Basic & Applied Biology 5, 94-99.

Kumar A, Sahu R. 2012. Diversity of Algae (Cholorophyceae) in paddy fields of Lalgutwa area, Ranchi, Jharkhand. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 2, 92-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.7324/JAPS.2012.21116

Lackey JB. 1938. The manipulation and counting of river plankton and changes in the some organisms due to formalin preservation. Public health reports 53, 2080-2098.

Lucinska M. 1979. Structure of epiphytic algal communities of the Lobelia lakes in the region of BoryTucholskie (Poland). Algological Studies 24, 324–338.

Lukaw YS, Ladu JLC, Kenyi D. 2012. Seasonal influence of physicochemical variables on phytoplankton abundance in Jebel Aulia reservoir KhartovmSudan. Nature and Science 10, 168-175.

Mondal MR, Dewan S, Hossain MA, Asaduzzaman M, Islam MA, Rozario UA. 2005. Food and feeding habits of Puntius gonionotus (Thai Sarpunti) in rice field. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 386-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2005.380.395.

Moss B. 1998. Ecology of freshwater, man and medium, past to future. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Mustapha MK. 2010. Seasonal influence of limnological variation on plankton dynamics of a small shallow, tropical reservoir. Asian journal of experimental Biological Science 1, 60-79.

Negi RK, Rajput A. 2011. Diversity of phytoplankton in the freshwater streams of Kumaon Himalaya of Uttarakhand State. The Ecoscan 5, 15-19.

Nweze NO, Ude BO. 2013. Algae and physico-chemical characteristics of Adani rice field, Enugu State, Nigeria. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 8, 12-18.

Pawar M, Sonawane SR. 2011. Diversity of phytoplankton from three water bodies of Satara district (M.S.) India. International Journal of Biosciences 1, 81-87.

Penticost A. 1984. Introduction to freshwater algae. England: Richmond publishing com. Limited.

Ponce JT, Arredondo JL, Castillo-Vargasmachuca SG, Chávez GR, Valle AB, Regalado de Dios MA, Carrillo FM, Villalobos RN, Gurrola JAG, Lugo PL. 2010. The effect of chemical and organic fertilization onphytoplankton and fish production in carp (Cyprinidae) polyculture system. Revista Biociencias 1, 44-50.

Reza RG, Arash K. 2012. Attached and epipelic algae of the Miankaleh International Wetland (Northern Iran). Journal of sciences spring, Environmental spring 9, 61-72.

Round FE. 1991. Diatoms in River water monitoring studies. Journal of Applied Phycology 3, 129-145.

Saikia SK, Das DN. 2004. ‘Aji gnui assonii’ – a practice of organic hill farming among the Apatani tribe of Eastern Himalaya. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 11, 211-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504500409469825

Saikia SK, Das DN. 2009. Feeding ecology of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in a rice–fish culture system of the Apatani Plateau (Arunachal Pradesh, India). Aquatic Ecology 43, 559–568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10452-008-9174

Saikia SK, Das DN. 2010. Ecology of terrace wet rice-fish environment and role of periphyton. Journal of Wetlands Ecology 4, 102-111.

Saravanakumar A, Rajkumar M, Thivakaran GA, Serebiah JS. 2008. Abundance and seasonal variations of phytoplankton in the creek waters of western mangrove of Kachchh-Gujarat. Journal of Environmental Biology 29, 271-274.

Senthilkumar R, Sivakumar K. 2008. Studies on phytoplankton diversity in response to abiotic factors in Veeranam Lake in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Environmental Biology 29, 747-752.

Singh M. 2011. Study of plankton abundance in freshwater fish pond at Malawar, Etah (U. P.). Indian Journal of biological studies and research 1, 39-44.

Smith R, Kalff J. 1983. Competition for phosphorus among co-occuring freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 28, 448-464.

Ssanyu GA, Rasowo J, Auma E, Ndunguru M. 2011. Evaluation of Plankton Community Structure in Fish Refugia acting as Oreochromis niloticus propagation  and  nursery  units  for  rice/fish  trials, Uganda. Aquaculture Research & Development  2, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2155-9546.1000116

Stanley EH, Johnson MD, Ward AK. 2003. Evaluating the influence of macrophytes on algal and bacterial production in multiple habitats of a freshwater wetland. Limnology and Oceanography 48, 1101–1111.

Stevenson RJ. 1996. The stimulation and drag of current. In: Stevenson RJ, Bothwell ML and Lowe RL, Eds. Algal ecology, 1st edn. New York, USA: Freshwater benthic eco-systems Academic Press, 321-340.

Tas B, Gonulol A. 2007. An ecologic and taxonomic study on phytoplankton of a shallow lake, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 28, 439-445.

Thirugnanamoorthy K, Selvaraju M. 2009. Phytoplankton diversity in relation to physico-chemical parameters of Gnanaprekasam temple pond of Chidambaram in Tamilnadu, India. Recent Research in Science and Technology 1, 235–238.

Tonapi GT. 1980. Freshwater animals in India. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Ltd.

Turner WB. 1978. The fresh water algae (Principally Desmidiceae) of East India. Dehradun: M/S Bishen, Mahenra Palsingh 23-A, New Connaught place.

Wetzel R. 1979. The role of the littoral zone and detritus in Lake metabolism. Ergeb Limnologie 13, 145-161.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background