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Sustainability of bushmeat and sardine industry based on socio-ecological considerations at Serengeti National Park and Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Research Paper | October 1, 2019

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Julius William Nyahongo, Moses Titus Kyando, Eivin Røskaft

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.15( 4), 67-79, October 2019


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Protected areas and lakes are important for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development strategies. The two generate significant economic and food resources for local communities adjacent to these resources. This study was conducted in the north-western part of the Serengeti ecosystem from September to November 2016 (Dry season) and from March to May 2017 (wet season). The prices of bushmeat and sardines were directly measured from the dealers in each sampled village. Weights were measured using an electronic kitchen scale (CAMRY Model: EK 3131). Statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, 22 versions for windows). Mean prices of sundried bushmeat and sardines increased along the gradient of distance from the park and the lake, respectively. Bushmeat availability was higher during the dry season in all sampled villages. Wet season supply was limited only to Robanda and Rwamkoma villages. Prices of sardines did not vary with season. High supply of bushmeat during dry season was most likely due to the influx of migratory herbivores. Generally, socio-ecological variables that explain the sustenance of illegal bushmeat hunting and/or selling were loss of livestock, unemployment, elimination of problem animals and enjoying the business. Other variables included inherited the business and lack of benefit sharing between the park authority and the communities. Resident herbivores might be the target of illegal bushmeat hunters during the wet season, hence may need special conservation attention.


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Sustainability of bushmeat and sardine industry based on socio-ecological considerations at Serengeti National Park and Lake Victoria, Tanzania

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