Sustainable Treatment of Domestic Sullage through Utilization of Garcinia mangostana pericarp extract as Natural Coagulant

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Research Paper 07/02/2023
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Sustainable Treatment of Domestic Sullage through Utilization of Garcinia mangostana pericarp extract as Natural Coagulant

Gina C. Lacang
Int. J. Biosci.22( 2), 120-134, February 2023.
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Abstract

This paper presented the potential of Garcinia mangostana as a natural coagulant in the removal of selected water quality parameters, namely: turbidity, total suspended solids, and biochemical oxygen demand from domestic sullage generated by the University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines. The jar test method is used in the optimization of the coagulants and lab analysis uses the gravimetric method, dilution technique, and digital meter for the measurements of the parameters. Characterization of Garcinia mangostana revealed a possible functional group that influences coagulation activity. Optimization of pure Garcinia mangostana using the jar test method showed the highest efficiency removal for the selected water parameters at 50 mg/L and pH9. Using the optimum dosage of 50 mg/L, the optimum settling time was 90 minutes for the treatments of A100, M100, A50M50, A25M75 & A75M25. The highest removal percentage was at pH9 for turbidity at 93.25% (A50M50), TSS removal was 93.32% at A50M50, whilst percent BOD removal was 92.12% (A75M25). Statistical evidence showed significant differences in the measured values among treatment designs with optimum doses. To investigate the influence of mixing intensity, settling rate, contact time, and other variables are suggested for future studies to help improve removal efficiency.

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