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Symptom based indexing of barley yellow dwarf disease infecting wheat in Pakistan

Abdul Qadir, Gulshan Irshad, Salman Ghuffar, Muhammad Shahid, Khalid Mehmood, Abdul Sattar, Muhammad Ahmad Zeshan, Abdul Mannan Hamzah, Hafiz Muhammad Asadullah, Muhammad Faizan Manzoor

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.17(2), 32-36, August 2020


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Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the major staple grain food of Pakistan and is prone to many pathological diseases especially viral diseases are among the biotic factors inflicting huge economic losses. Every year Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) causes substantial losses to wheat crop. In this study, during survey 2013-14, a total of 210 samples examined from different wheat growing areas of Pakistan, 180 samples showing typical barley yellow dwarf viral symptoms following (90) yellowing tip Yt, (45) stunted growth St, (32) reddening Rd and (13) showed curling Cr. The symptom based indexing study can play an important role in the identification of BYDV and further epidemiological studies.


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Symptom based indexing of barley yellow dwarf disease infecting wheat in Pakistan

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