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System thinking for policy modeling fits youth’s unwillingness as paddy farmers

Research Paper | July 28, 2022

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Miranda Romaully Br. Sitanggang, Sadik Ikhsan, Nuri Dewi Yanti, Yudi Ferrianta

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Int. J. Biosci.21( 1), 115-125, July 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.1.115-125


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South Borneo, with its wetlands, is used as a substitute for Indonesian wetland paddy production during the dry season as part of the government’s strategy to ensure paddy sufficiency during the fast cyclical season in paddy centers on the islands of Java and Sumatra. However, this effort has been hampered by the imperative of preserving the wetland environment’s sustainability and the younger generation’s declining interest in paddy farming. The central and provincial governments have pursued farmer regeneration, but there is no evidence of its success in paddy farmer regeneration. Indications of the occurrence of aging farmers indicate that the problem of farmer regeneration, particularly among paddy farmers, requires a comprehensive system capable of resolving lengthy and complex issues. The research aims to examine the aging farmer phenomenon in South Borneo. Eviews software is used to analyze the secondary data obtained. The findings indicated that farmer aging is a reality in South Borneo. However, efforts to reverse aging through farmer regeneration are strange and time-consuming. Thus, System Thinking must be applied to determine the root cause of the issue and the critical nature of involving all parties or subsystems, including the sustainability of the wetland environment through the use of native wisdom, as shown in the Causal Loop Diagram. This diagram could be used to make policy models for the younger generation interested in working as paddy farmers.


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System thinking for policy modeling fits youth’s unwillingness as paddy farmers

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