Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2021

| Download 2

Targeted accumulation of some heavy metals in Liver, Kidney, Gills and Muscles of Labeo calbasu inhibiting the freshwater riverine system

Shabbir Ahmad, Kamran Jafar, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Muhammad Wajid, Ahmad Waheed, Muhammad Waseem Aslam, Azam Khan, Ali Nawaz

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18(2), 11-19, February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.2.11-19


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Riverine water is continuously polluted due to release of domestic and industrial wastes. Among them heavy metals pollution is major issue in aquatic habitats which cause toxicity to animal models. In present study, some heavy metals viz; copper, nickel, cadmium, chromium, lead and iron were recorded in water, sediments and organs of Labeo calbasu of canals system in Punjab Pakistan. Physiochemical parameters of water were also studied. Average values of temperature, pH, total hardness, DO, TDS, turbidity, BOD, alkalinity and conductivity were 15.26 ± 0.22 °C, 8.47 ± 0.45, 149.52 ± 10.00 mg/L, 3.08 ± 0.38, 232.10 ± 20.05, 45.44 ± 2.16 NTU, 2.46 ± 0.28 mg/L, 399.26-127.22 mg/L and 290.20±15.05 μScm−1 respectively. The level of metals in water was Pb > Cd > Fe > Cr > Ni > Cu and Pb > Ni > Cd > Fe > Cu > Cr in sediments. Significantly higher level of all metals was recorded in running water as compared to bank water. In fish organs, liver had higher level of metals followed by gills, kidney and muscle. The accumulation pattern of metals was Fe > Pb > Ni > Cu> Cr > Cd in all organs. Further, higher value of ALP and ASP value showed damaging effects of water pollution in fish organs. This study concluded that Pb level was highest in canal system of Punjab. Liver showed higher accumulation of all metals compared to other organs.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Targeted accumulation of some heavy metals in Liver, Kidney, Gills and Muscles of Labeo calbasu inhibiting the freshwater riverine system

Agusa T, Kunito T, Yasunaga G, Iwata H, Subramanian A, Ismail A, Tanabe S. 2005. Concentrations of trace elements in marine fish and its risk assessment in Malaysia. Marine pollution bulletin 51(8-12), 896-911. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.06.007

Akoto O, Bismark Eshun F, Darko G, Adei E. 2014. Concentrations and health risk assessments of heavy metals in fish from the Fosu Lagoon. International Journal of Environmental Research 8(2), 403-410. https://doi.org/10.22059/ijer.2014.731

Asghar MS, Quershi NA, Jabeen F, Shakeel M, Khan M. 2016. Genotoxicity and oxidative stress analysis in the Catla catla treated with ZnO NPs. Journal of Biodiversity Environmental Sciences, 8(4), 91-104.

Asghar MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F, Khan MS, Shakeel M, Chaudhry AS. 2018. Ameliorative effects of selenium in ZnO NP-induced oxidative stress and hematological alterations in Catla catla. Biological trace element research 186(1), 279-287. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-018-1299-9

Asghar MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F, Khan MS, Shakeel M, Noureen A. 2015. Toxicity of zinc nanoparticles in fish: a critical review. Journal of Biodiversity Environmental Sciences 7(1), 431-439.

Athar M, Vohora SB. 1995. Heavy metals and environment: New Age International.

Atli G, Canli M. 2007. Enzymatic responses to metal exposures in a freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology 145(2), 282-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2006.12.012

Bindya Bhargavan P, Mohammed Salih K. 2008. Haematological responses of green mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus) to heavy metals copper and mercury. Cochin University of Science and Technology.

Brown S, Kodama Y. 1986. Toxicology of Metals: Clinical and Experimental Research. Kitakyushu City, Japan, 27-31 July 1986, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-0101(89)90197-9

Burger J, Gochfeld M. 2006. Mercury in fish available in supermarkets in Illinois: are there regional differences. Science of the Total Environment 367(2-3), 1010-1016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.04.018

Canli,  Atli G. 2003. The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution 121(1), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0269-7491(02)00194-x

Canli Ay Ö, Kalay M. 1998. Levels of Heavy Metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr and Ni) in Tissue of Cyprinus carpio, Barbus capitoand Chondrostoma regiumfrom the Seyhan River, Turkey. Turkish journal of zoology, 22(2), 149-158.

Estiarte M, Peuuelas J, Sardans J, Emmett B, Sowerby A, Beier C, Kovacs-Lang E. 2007. Root-surface phosphatase activity in shrublands across a European gradient: Effects of warming. Journal of Environmental Biology 29(1), 25.

FDA U. 1993. Food and Drug Administrations, Guidance Document for Chromium in Shellfish. Retrieved from.

Hamid A, Khan MU, Yaqoob J, Umar A, Rehman A, Javed S, Ali A. 2016. Assessment of mercury load in river Ravi, urban sewage streams of Lahore Pakistan and its impact on the oxidative stress of exposed fish. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 8(4), 63-72.

Health UDo, Services H. 2000. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine. Disease clusters: An overview. Available online: http://www.atsdr.cdc. https://doi.org/10.1177/074823379901500809

Islam, Ahmed MK, Habibullah-Al-Mamun M, Hoque MF. 2015. Preliminary assessment of heavy metal contamination in surface sediments from a river in Bangladesh. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73(4), 1837-1848. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3538-5

Karan V, Vitorović S, Tutundžić V, Poleksić V. 1998. Functional enzymes activity and gill histology of carp after copper sulfate exposure and recovery. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 40(1-2), 49-55. https://doi.org/10.1006/eesa.1998.1641

Khan MS, Jabeen F, Qureshi NA, Asghar MS, Shakeel M, Noureen A. 2015. Toxicity of silver nanoparticles in fish: a critical review. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 6(5), 211-227.

Khan MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F. 2017. Assessment of toxicity in fresh water fish Labeo rohita treated with silver nanoparticles. Applied Nanoscience 7(5), 167-179. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-017-0559-x

Khan MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F. 2018. Ameliorative role of nano-ceria against amine coated Ag-NP induced toxicity in Labeo rohita. Applied Nanoscience 8(3), 323-337. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-018-0733-9

Khan MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F, Asghar MS, Shakeel M, Fakhar-e-Alam M. 2017. Eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles through economical methods and assessment of toxicity through oxidative stress analysis in the Labeo Rohita. Biological trace element research 176(2), 416-428. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-016-0838-5

Khan MS, Qureshi NA, Jabeen F, Wajid M, Sabri S,  Shakir M. 2020. The role of garlic oil in the amelioration of oxidative stress and tissue damage in rohu Labeo rohita treated with silver nanoparticles. Fisheries Science 86(2), 255-269. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12562-020-01403-7

Mahmood G. 2003. Lead and nickel concentrations in fish and water of River Ravi. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 6(12), 1027-1029. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2003.1027.1029

Mahurpawar M. 2015. Effects of heavy metals on human health. International journal of research Granthaalayah, 1-7.

Mandal BK, Suzuki KT. 2002. Arsenic round the world: a review. Talanta 58(1), 201-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-9140(02)00268-0

Michell RH, Karnovsky MJ, Karnovsky ML. 1970. The distributions of some granule-associated enzymes in guinea-pig polymorphonuclear leucocytes. Biochemical journal 116(2), 207-216. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1160207

Mormede S, Davies I. 2001. Heavy metal concentrations in commercial deep-sea fish from the Rockall Trough. Continental Shelf Research 21(8-10), 899-916. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0278-4343(00)00118-7

Ong M, Kamaruzzaman B. 2009. An assessment of metals (Pb and Cu) contamination in bottom sediment from South China Sea coastal waters, Malaysia. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(7), 1418-1423. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.1418.1423

Papagiannis I, Kagalou I, Leonardos J, Petridis D, Kalfakakou V. 2004. Copper and zinc in four freshwater fish species from Lake Pamvotis (Greece). Environment International 30(3), 357-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2003.08.002

Paquin P, Farley K, Santore R, Kavvadas C, Mooney K, Winfileld R, DiToro D. 2003. Metals in aquatic systems: a review of exposure, bioaccumulation, and toxicity models. Metals and the environment series. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Press, Pensacola, FL Google Scholar.

Rahman JO, Gong Y, Miller S, Hossain M. 2008. A comparative study of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and calbasu (Labeo calbasu Hamilton) on bottom soil resuspension, water quality, nutrient accumulations, food intake and growth of fish in simulated rohu (Labeo rohita Hamilton) ponds. Aquaculture 285(1-4), 78-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.08.002

Ramasamy M, Rajangam S. 2016. Threatened species of IUCN red list: Labeo calbasu (Hamilton, 1822) with requirement of imperative conservational management from Lower Anicut, Tamil Nadu, India.

Raza A, Javed S, Qureshi MZ, Khan MS. 2017. Synthesis and study of catalytic application of l-methionine protected gold nanoparticles. Applied Nanoscience 7(7), 429-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-017-0587-6

Tabinda A, Bashir S, Yasar A, Hussain M. 2013. Metals concentrations in the riverine water, sediments and fishes from river Ravi at Balloki headworks. Journal of Animal and Plant Science 23, 76-84.

Theofanis Z, Astrid S, Lidia G, Calmano W. 2001. Contaminants in sediments: remobilisation and demobilization. Science of the Total Environment, 266, 195-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(00)00740-3


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background