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Taxonomic diversity and folk medicinal recipes used for various ailments in Torkoh area Chitral, Pakistan

Samin Jan, Izhar Ahmad, Naveed Akhtar, Arshad Iqbal, Sher Wali, Fazli Rahim

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(3), 226-237, March 2015

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Abstract

Human being is constantly concerned about his health since his origin on this planet. The usage of plants has been going forward with him among all the civilizations. This usage has been cultured in different forms that has been transmitted from generation to generation and will continue during the life of human beings. The research area is rich in terms of biodiversity represented by enormous numbers of plants of all categories of lower and higher plants. The selected plants used in folk medicinal recipes belong to different groups including Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Torkoh Valley of Chitral has a different consumption of plants for diverse purposes. Herbal recipes are among one of them, as the inhabitant of the area have faith in that the medicinal herbs have harmony and synergy with the human body as the nature has imparted them with a variety of chemical constituents. Folk medicinal recipes are prepared in a variety of manners to cure various ailments. Indigenous knowledge about the folk medicinal recipes of 38 plant species belonging to 29 genera of 25 families was obtained from the local people. Almost all plants have multiple folk medicinal uses. Folk medicinal recipes are mostly unique and specific to the research area.

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Taxonomic diversity and folk medicinal recipes used for various ailments in Torkoh area Chitral, Pakistan

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