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Taxonomic structure of the lichen biota of the minor Caucasus within Azerbaijan

Research Paper | February 1, 2021

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Sevda Alverdiyeva

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Int. J. Biosci.18( 2), 214-221, February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.2.214-221


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This article reflects the data of the taxonomical structure of the lichen flora of the Minor Caucasus within Azerbaijan identified during the research. A general taxonomic analysis was carried out at the level of families and genera. As the result of lichenological studies, the lichens composition of 696 species of lichens of 180 genera 58 families and 22 orders was determined. The main volume of species diversity is accounted for by 13 orders; the leading order is the order Lecanorales which includes 249 species. In the family spectrum, 15 families are represented by 542 species, and in the generic spectrum, 15 genera including 297 species are dominant according to the number of species. The basis of lichen flora is composed of polymorphic families and genera typical of the lichen flora of moderate Holarctic. 12 species: Aspicilia candida (Anzi) Hue, Baeomyces rufus (Huds.) Rebent., Cladonia farinacea (Vain.) A. Evans, C. mitis Sandst., Enchylium ligerinum (Hy) Otálora, Jørgensen et Wedin, Lecidea confluens (Weber ) Ach., Ochrolechia frigida (Sw.) Lynge, Parmelia fraudans Nyl., Physconia perisidiosa (Erichsen) Moberg, Rinodina boleana Giralt., Tuckermanopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale, Umbilicaria proboscidea (L.) Schrad. are new for the lichen biota of Azerbaijan.


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