Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Taxonomic studies on the occurrence of the snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the agroecosystem

Research Paper | January 1, 2017

| Download 4

Javaria Altaf, Naureen Aziz Qureshi, Muhammed Javed Iqbal Siddiqui

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 1), 240-252, January 2017


JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Gastropods have a very important position in our ecosystem as pest, intermediate host, food source and as bioindicators for environmental quality but the taxonomic work regarding snail species has not been carried out in this part of the world after 19th century. Total 19290 snails were collected from agro ecosystem of Faisalabad for their taxonomic characterization. The identification of the specimens was made on the basis of number of whorls, coiling of the shell, umbilicus, shape, colour, shape of the aperture, presence or absence of operculum, height (mm), diameter (mm) and the diameter of the aperture (mm) using vernier caliper. Microscopic identification was done by using recent identification keys and diagrammatic description provided in them. We found snails belonging to 2 orders 7 families 9 genera and 15 species. This is a baseline study to get the basic information about the malacofaunna of Faisalabad which will be important in various applied fields. However, new sibling species might be proposed of Zooctecus insularis after molecular characterization.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Taxonomic studies on the occurrence of the snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the agroecosystem

Ali RA. 2005. A Study on the Occurrence of Some Mollusca Species in Sugarcane Fields. M-Phil Thesis, Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Altaf J, Qureshi NA, Raza SH, Siddiqui MJI. 2016. Assessment of diversity and distribution of Snails (Mollusca:Gastropoda) in the Agroecosystem of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences Vol.8 (1), p. 17-33.

Altaf J. 2006. Occurance of Some Snails in Some Wheat fields of Faisalabad. M-phil. Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Anderson R. 2008. “An annotated list of the non-marine Mollusca of Britain and Ireland” http://www.molluscs.at/gastropoda/terrestrial.html.

Barker GM, Mayhill PC. 1999. Patterns of diversity and habitat relationships in terrestrial mollusc communities of the Pukeamaru ecological district, Northeastern New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography Vol. 26 (2), p. 215-238.

Blandford FRS, Auston Godwin HH. 1908. The Fauna of British India (Mollusca). Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, London. p. 1-303.

Bouchet P, Rocroi JP, Frýda J, Hausdorf B, Ponder W, Valdés Á, Warén A. 2005. “Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families”. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: Conch Books) 47 (1-2), p. 1-397.

Burch JB, Pearce TA. 1990. Terrestrial gastropoda. Soil biology guide p. 201-309.

Cain AJ. 1983. Ecology and ecogenetics of terrestrial molluscan populations. In: Russell-Hunter, W. D. (Ed.) The Mollusca Vol 6 Ecology. Academic Press, London, p. 597-647.

Dayrat B, Tillier S. 2002. Evolutionary relationships of euthyneuran gastropods (Mollusca): a cladistic re‐evaluation of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol. 135 (4), p. 403-470.

Final Mouza List. 2008. Agricultural Census Organization, Lahore. Pakistan.

Fischer W, Duda M. 2004. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Mollus­kenfauna Österreichs VII. Cernuella virgata (da Costa 1778), neu für die Molluskenfauna Wiens, sowie Bemerkungen zur Ausbreitung von Monacha cantiana (Montagu 1803), Cernuella neglecta (Draparnaud 1805), Hygromia cinctella (Draparnaud 1801) und Cornu aspersus (O.F. Müller 1774) in Niederöster­reich und Wien (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Nachrichtenblatt der Ersten Vorarlberger Malakologischen Gesellschaft 12, p. 10-14.

Flint ML. 2003. How to manage pests: Pests in Landscapes and Gardens. IPM Education and Publications, University of California Statewide IPM program.

Hlaváč JČ, Peltanová A. 2010. First occurrence of the kentish snail Monacha cantiana (Mollusca. Gastropoda. Hygromiidae) in the Czech Republic. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 9, p. 11-15.

Hutton T. 1849. Notices of some land and freshwater shells occurring in Afghanisthan. Journal Asiatic Society Bengal Vol. 18 (2), p. 556-561.

Kahlown MA, Ashraf M, Hussain M, Salam A, Bhatti AZ. 2006. Impact Assessment of Sewerage and Industrial Effluents on Water Resources, Soil Crops and Human Health in Faisalabad, Research Report-6. PCRWR.

Khanum TA. 2010. Taxonomic Studies on Plant and Soil Nematodes of Sugar Cane Fields with Special Reference to Entomopat Hogenic Nematodes. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.

Mason CF. 1970. Snail populations, beech litter production, and the role of snails in litter decomposition. Oecologia 5, p. 215-239.

Perez KE, Minton RL. 2008. Practical applications for systematics and taxonomy in North American freshwater gastropod conservation. Journal of the North American Benthological Society Vol. 27 (2), p. 471-483.

Pokryszko BM, Auffenberg K, Hlavac JC, Naggs F. 2009. Pupilloidea of Pakistan (Gastropoda: Pulmonata): Truncatellininae, Vertigininae, Gastrocoptinae, Pupillinae. Annales Zoologici Vol. 59 (4), p. 423-458.

Rahman MSU. 2011. Biodiversity of the Snails From the Agro-Ecosystem of Tehsil Faisalabad City. B. S Thesis, Government College University, Faisalabad.

Rana N. 2012. Biodiversity of Soil Macro invertebrates in Low and High Input Fields of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) in District Faisalabad. PhD thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Rana SA, Rafique A, Qureshi JI. 2000. Ecological distribution of earthworms species along some water channels, water ditches, canals and river in the Agro-Ecosystem of Faisalabad Division. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences Vol. 10 (4), p. 126-130.

Siddiqui, MJI. 2005. Studies on the Biodiversity of Invertebrates in the Wheat Triticum aestivum Farm Agroecosystems of Punjab, Pakistan. Ph. D. Thesis, Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Sturm C, Pearce T, Valdes A. (editors) 2006. The Mollusks: A Guide to their Study, Collection and Preservation. American Malacological Society.

SWCSMH, 2006. Family Chironomidae (Midge Flies). Soil and Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax.

Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. 2005. The families of British non-marine molluscs (slugs, snails and mussels). Version: 4th January 2012. http://delta-intkey.com’.

Welter-Schultes FW. 2010. Revision of the genus Albinaria in Crete (Greece): presence of geographically variable monotypic and polytypic species (Gastropoda: Clausiliidae). Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology Vol. 139 (2), p. 143-245.