Taxonomical and ecological study for some species of Scutellaria L. (Labiatae family) in Iraq

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Research Paper 01/07/2017
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Taxonomical and ecological study for some species of Scutellaria L. (Labiatae family) in Iraq

Khansaa Rasheed Al-Joboury
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 1), 330-336, July 2017.
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Morphological, chemical and geographical studies of three species: Scutellariam ulticauli, Scutellaria pycnotricha and S. cutellaria tomentosa were conducted in Iraq to identify the general and accurate characteristics that contribute to put taxonomic keys for the species studied, and also determined similar and different qualities that help us to know evolutionary relationships among species. In morphological aspect was studied, The maximum value for each of stem length ranged from510 mm to 620 mm recorded in  S. pycnotricha, leave length ranged from 35mm to 66mm recorded in S. pycnotricha but There were no clear differences among species in length and width of  Nutlet. The determining of five flavonoid compounds by using the technique of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) had done, So the highest concentrations of the chlorophyll content  for the leaves was 3.83 mg/l in S. multicaulis. In geographical distribution, the highest and lowest points of the altitude was record.


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