The abilities of spent mushroom substrate to suppress basal rot disease (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cepae) in shallot

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Research Paper 01/07/2018
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The abilities of spent mushroom substrate to suppress basal rot disease (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cepae) in shallot

Ida Yusidah, Noor Istifadah
Int. J. Biosci.13( 1), 439-447, July 2018.
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Basal rot disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cepae is an important disease in shallot. One of control measure safe to the environment is the use of organic matters including spent mushroom substrate (SMS). The aims of this research were to examine the potential and application method of spent substrate of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), straw mushroom (Volvariella volvaceae) and shiitake (Lentinula edodes) to control basal rot disease caused by F. oxysporum f.sp cepae in shallot. In this study three kinds of SMS were applied in planting site and or drenching their water extract every two weeks. The results showed that the SMS of oyster mushroom, straw mushroom and shiitake reduced the intensity of basal rot disease in shallot by 44-76,8%. The treatment that showed highest disease reduction and shallot growth was the application of V. volvaceae SMS in the planting site and drenching its water extract every two weeks.


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