The colossal influence of biological fertilization on medicinal and aromatic plants

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2014
Views (197) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

The colossal influence of biological fertilization on medicinal and aromatic plants

Syed Arif Hussain, Khalil Ahmad, Arif-un-Nisa Naqvi, Tika Khan, Mehsoor Ahmed Nafees, Maqsood Hussain,Qamar Abass ,Muhammad Ali, MohammadAkber,Sher Wali Khan
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 5), 299-314, November 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The need of increase food production in the most of developing countries becomes an ultimate goal to meet the dramatic expansion of their population. However, this is also associated many cases with a reduction of the areas of arable land which leaves no opinion for farmers but to increase the yield per unit area through the use of improved the crop varieties, irrigation and fertilization. The major problem facing the farmer is that he cannot afford the cost of these goods, particularly that of chemical fertilizers. Moreover, in countries where fertilizer production relies on imported raw materials, the costs are even higher for farmer and for the country. Besides this, chemical fertilizers production and utilization are considered as air, soil and water polluting operations. The utilization of bio-fertilizers is considered today by many scientists as a promising alternative, particularly for developing countries. Bio-fertilization is generally based on altering the rhizosphere flora, by seed or soil inoculation with certain organisms, capable of inducing beneficial effects on a compatible host. Bio-fertilizers mainly comprise nitrogen fixes, phosphate dissolvers or vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and silicate bacteria. Growth characters, yield, essential oil and its constituents, fixed oil, carbohydrates, soluble sugars and nutrients contents of medicinal plants were significantly affected by adding the biological fertilizers compared with recommended chemical fertilizers.

VIEWS 2

Abdel-Nasser M, Abdel-Ghaffar AR, Zayed GZA. 1982. Studies on the phosphate solubilizing bacteria in soil, rhizosphere and rhizoplane of some plants. Inoculation of phosphate-dissolving microorganisms. Minia Journal Agriculture Research. No. 10. http://dx.10.13057//nusbiosci/n0040307

Alexander M. 1977. Introduction to soil microbiology. John Wiley, New York. http://dx.10.1037/0021-843X.86.4.443

Awad NM, Khalil K. 2003. Bio-fertilization of squash plants grown in sulphur rectified sandy soil with Streptomyces venezulane mutant and/or Thiobacillus thooxidans. Bull NRC, Egypt. 28(6), 685-694.

Banchio E, Bogino PC, Zygadlo J, Giordano W. 2008. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria improves growth and essential oil yield in Origanum majorana L. Bioch System Ecology. 36, 766-771. http://dx. 10.1007/s11274-012-1158-3

Bethlenfalvay T, Gabor J. 1992. Mycorrhiza and crop productivity. In: Bethlenfalvay GJ, Linderman RG (eds). Mycorrhizae in sustainable agriculture. ASA/CSSA/SSSA, Madison, WI. http://dx. 10.1023/A:1004249629643

Chaudhary V, Kapoor R, Bhatnagar AK. 2008. Effectiveness of two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on concentrations of essential oil and artemisinin in three ccessions of Artemisia annua L. Application Soil Ecolology. 40, 174-181.

Cunningham JE, Kuiack C. 1992. Production of citric and oxalic acids and solubilization of calcium phosphate by Penicillium bilaii. Application Environment Microbiology 58, 1451-1458.

Curl EA, Truelove B. 2012. Effect of bio-fertilizers application on quantitative and qualitative yield of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) in a sustainable agriculture system. International Journal Agriculture Crop Science 4(4), 187-192. http://dx. 10.13057/nusbiosci/n040307

El-Gamal AM. 1996. Response of Potatoes to phosphorous fertilizer levels and phosphorene biofertilizer in the newly reclaimed areas. Assiut Journal Agriculture Science 27(2), 77-87.

Ewada WT. 1976. Some studies on phosphate dissolving bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of some plants. [Dissertation]. Faculty of Agriculture, Ain- Shams University, Egypt.

Faisal FA, El-Dawwy GM. 1999. Efficiency of phosphorene (as a source of phosphate solubilizing bacteria) in enhancing growth and nutrition of chemlali olive seedlings. Acta Horticulture 481, 701-705.

Gharib FA, Moussa LA, Massoud ON. 2008. Effect of compost and biofertilizers on growth, yield and essential oil of sweet marjoram (Majorana hortensis)  plant.  International  Journal  Agriculture Biology 10(4), 381-387. http://dx.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80024-9

Glick BR. 1995. The enhancement of plant growth by free-living bacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41, 109-117.

Goldstein AH. 1986. Bacterial solubilization of mineral phosphates: historical perspective and future prospects. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 1, 51- 57.

Goldstein AH. 1995. Recent progress in understanding the molecular genetics and biochemistry of calcium phosphate solubilization by gram negative bacteria. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 12, 185-193.

Gomma AMH. 1989. Biofertilizers for increasing of crop production. [M.Sc. Thesis]. Faculty Agriculture Cairo University, Egypt.

Gray EJ, Smith DL. 2005. Intracellular and extracellular PGPR: commonalities and distinctions in the plant-bacterium signaling processes. Soil Biology Biochemical 37, 395-412. http://dx.10.1007/s11104-011-0959-8

Guar AC, Ostwal KP, Mathur RS. 1980. Save superphosphate by using phosphobacteria. Kheti. 32, 23-25.

Habte M, Manjunath A. 1991. Categories of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal dependency. Mycorrhiza 1, 3-12.

Harley JL, Smith SE. 1983. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Academic Press, New York.

Hashemabad A, Zaredost F, Ziyabari MB, Zarchini M, Kaviani B, Solimandarabi MJ, Torkashvand AM, Zarchini S. 2012. Influence of phosphate bio-fertilizer on quantity and quality features of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science. 6(6), 1101-1109.

Hassan FAS, Ali EF, Mahfouz SA. 2012. Comparison between different fertilization sources, irrigation frequency and their combinations on the growth and yield of coriander plant. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 6(3), 600-615. http://dx .10.1002/ana.23943

Hauka FIA, El-Sawah MMA, El-Hamidi KH. 1990. Effect of phosphatesolubilizing bacteria on the growth and P uptake by barley and tomato plants soil in soil amended with rock-or tricalcium phosphate. Journal of Agricultural Science. Mansoura University. 15(3), 450-459.

Hellal FA, Mahfouz SA, Hassan AS. 2011. Partial substitution of mineral nitrogen fertilizer by biofertilizer on (Anethum graveolens L.) plant. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2(4), 652-660.

Hoorman JJ, Islam R. 2010. Understanding Soil Microbes and Nutrient Recycling. Ohio State University. Bulletin, No. SAG-16-10. http://dx. 10.13057/nusbiosci/n040307

Kapoor KK, Mishra MM. 1989. Microbial transformation of sulphur and plant nutrition. In: Somani LL, Bhandari SL (eds). Soil microorganisms and crop growth. Diyajyoti Prakasam, India.

Kapoor R, Giri B, Mukerji KG. 2002. Mycorrhization of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) to enhance the concentration and quality of essential oil. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 88, 1-4.

Kapoor R, Giri B, Mukerji KG. 2004. Improved growth and essential oil yield and quality in Foeniculum vulgare Mill. On mycorrhizal inoculation supplemented with P-fertilizer. Bioresource Technolog. 93, 307- 311.

Katznelson H, Peterson EA, Rovatt JW. 1962. Phosphate dissolving microorganisms on seed and in the root zone of plants. Canadian Journal of Botany. 40, 1181-1186.

Khalid  KA,  Abou-Hussien  SD,  Salman  SR. 2005. Influence of sulphur and biofertilizer (SulphurOxidizing Bacteria) on the growth, oil and chemical composition of Celery plant. Annals of Agricultural Science 50(1), 249-262. http://dx.10.1111/aogs.12158

Khalid KA, El-Sherbeny SE, Shafei AM. 2007. Response of Ruta graveolens L. to rock phosphate and/or feldspar under biological fertilizers. Arab Univ. Journal of Agricultural Science. 15(1), 203-213.

Khalid KA. 2004. Response of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) plants to calcium superphosphate and phosphorene under calcareous soil conditions. Arab Univ. Journal of Agricultural Science 12(2), 735-747.

Khaosaad T, Vierheilig H, Nell M, ZitterlEglseer K, Noval J. 2006. Arbuscular mycorrhiza alters the concentration of essential oils in oregano (Origanum sp., Lamiaceae). Mycorrhiza 16, 443-446. http://dx.10.1007/s00572-006-0062-9

Kuenen JG, Beudeker RF. 1982. Microbiology of Thiobacilli and other sulphur oxidising autotrophs mixotrophs and heterotrophs. In: Post Gate JP, Kelly DP (eds.). Sulphur bacteria. University Press, Cambridge.

Leithy S, El-Meseiry TA. 2006 Effect of biofertilizer, cell stabilizer and irrigation regime on rosemary herbage oil yield and quality. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 2(10), 773-779.

Lucy M, Reed E, Glick BR. 2004. Applications of free living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Antonie Leeuwenhoek 86, 1-25.

Mahfouz SA, Sharaf-Eldin MA. 2007. Effect of mineral vs. biofertilizer on growth, yield, and essential oil content of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). International Agrophysics. 21, 361-366. http://dx.10.12692/ijb/3.6.32-37

Manjunath A, Habte M. 1988. Development of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal infection and the uptake of immobile nutrients in Leucaena leucocephala. Plant and Soil 106, 97-103.

Miller RM, Jastrow JD. 1992. The role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil conservation, In: Bethlenfalvay GJ, Linderman RG (eds). Mycorrhiza in sustainable agriculture. ASA/CSSA/SSSA, Madison, WI.

Mishustin EN, Geller I, Sinkha M. 1972. Mobilization of inorganic phosphate of soil and fertilizers during the biological activity of microorganisms. Izv.Timiryazey S.Kh Akad.USSR.

Nishio M, Okano S. 1991. Stimulation of the growth of alfalfa and infection of roots with indigenous vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi by the application of charcoal. National Animal Production Research Institute 45, 61-71.

Ocampo JA, Barea JM, Montoya E. 1978. Bacteriostasis and the inoculation of phosphatesolubilizing bacteria in the rhizosohere. Soil Biology Biochemical 10, 349-340.

Pacovsky RS. 1986. Micronutrient uptake and distribution in mycorrhizal or phosphorus fertilized soybeans. Soil Consistency and Atterberg Limits. 95, 379-388.

Pamela AC, Hayasaka SS. 1982. Inorganic phosphate solubilizing by rhizosphere bacteria in a Zostera marina community. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 28, 805-810.

Quastel JH. 1965. Soil metabolism. Annual Review of Plant Biology 16, 217-242.

Raghu K, MacRae IC. 1966. Occurrence of phosphate-dissolving microorganisms in the rhizosphere of rice plants and in submerged soils. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 29, 582-6.

Sangwan NS, Farooqi AHA, Shabih F, Sangwan RS. 2001. Regulation of essential oil production in plants. Plant Growth Regulation 34, 3-21. http://dx.10.1023/A:1013386921596

Sheng XF, Hu LY, Huang WY. 2003. Conditions of releasing potassium by silicate dissolving bacteria strain NBT. Agricultural Science 1(6), 662-666.

Shinde DB, Patil PL, Patil BR. 1996. Potential use of sulphur oxidizing microorganism as soil inoculant. Field Crops Research 11, 291-295.

Sperberg JI. 1958. The incidence of apatitesolubilizing organisms in the rhizosphere and soil. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 9, 778783.

Starkey RL. 1934. Cultivation of organisms concerned in the oxidation of thiosulphate. Journal of Bacteriology 28, 365-386.

Starkey RL. 1966. Oxidation and reduction of sulfur compounds in soils. Soil Science 101, 297-306.

Styriakova I, Styriak I, Galko I, Hradil D, Bezdicka P. 2003. The release of iron bearing minerals and dissolution of feldspar by heterotrophic bacteria of Bacillus species. Ceramics Silikaty 47(1), 20-26. http://dx. 10.1016/j.sjbs.2011.09.001

Subba Rao NS. 1984. Biofertilizer in Agriculture. Oxford, IBH Publ. Co., New-Delhi, India.

Taha SM, Mahmoud SAZ, El-Damaty AH, Abdel-Hafez A. 1969. Activity of phosphatedissolving bacteria in Egyptian soils. Plant and Soil. 31, 149.

Tanu A, Prakash A, Adholeya A. 2004. Effect of different organic manures/composts on the herbage and essential oil yield of Cymbopogon winterianus and their influence on the native AM population in a marginal alfisol. Bioresource Technology 92, 311-319.

Taylor BF, Hoare DS. 1969. New facultative Thiobacillus and a reevaluation of the heterotrophic potential of Thiobacillus novellus. Journal of Bacteriology 100, 487-497.

Tilak KVBR, Reddy BS. 2006. B. cereus and B. circulans novel inoculants for crops. Current Science 5, 642-644. http://dx. 10.13057/nusbiosci/n040307

Tinker PB, Gilden A. 1983. Mycorrhizal fungi and ion uptake. In: Robb DA, Pierpoint WS (eds). Metals and micronutrients, uptake and utilization by plants. Academic Press, NY.

Toussaint JP. 2008. The effect of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis on the production of phytochemicals in basil. Acta Horticulturae 390, 93-96.

Van Loon LC. 2007. Plant response to plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. European Journal of Plant Pathology 119, 243-254. http://dx. 10.1094/PHYTO-97-2-0239

Vande Broek A, Vanderleyden J. 1995. Review: genetics of the Azospirillum-plant root association. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 14, 445-466.

Vessey JK. 2003. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as bio-fertilizers. Plant and Soil 255, 571-586. http://dx. 10.1094/CM-2004-0301-04-RV

Wainwright M. 1982. A modified sulphur medium for the isolation of sulphur oxidising fungi. Plant and Soil 49, 191-193.

Wainwright M. 1984. Sulphur oxidation in soils. Adv Agron 37: 350-392. Waksman SA. 1932. Principles of soil microbiology. 2nd ed. Williams and Williams Baltimore Aircoil Company.

Zahra MK, Monib M, Bbdel-Al SI, Heggo A. 1984. Significance of soil inoculation with silicate bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Mikrobiologie 139(5), 349-357.