The colossal influence of biological fertilization on medicinal and aromatic plants

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Research Paper 01/11/2014
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The colossal influence of biological fertilization on medicinal and aromatic plants

Syed Arif Hussain, Khalil Ahmad, Arif-un-Nisa Naqvi, Tika Khan, Mehsoor Ahmed Nafees, Maqsood Hussain,Qamar Abass ,Muhammad Ali, MohammadAkber,Sher Wali Khan
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 5), 299-314, November 2014.
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The need of increase food production in the most of developing countries becomes an ultimate goal to meet the dramatic expansion of their population. However, this is also associated many cases with a reduction of the areas of arable land which leaves no opinion for farmers but to increase the yield per unit area through the use of improved the crop varieties, irrigation and fertilization. The major problem facing the farmer is that he cannot afford the cost of these goods, particularly that of chemical fertilizers. Moreover, in countries where fertilizer production relies on imported raw materials, the costs are even higher for farmer and for the country. Besides this, chemical fertilizers production and utilization are considered as air, soil and water polluting operations. The utilization of bio-fertilizers is considered today by many scientists as a promising alternative, particularly for developing countries. Bio-fertilization is generally based on altering the rhizosphere flora, by seed or soil inoculation with certain organisms, capable of inducing beneficial effects on a compatible host. Bio-fertilizers mainly comprise nitrogen fixes, phosphate dissolvers or vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and silicate bacteria. Growth characters, yield, essential oil and its constituents, fixed oil, carbohydrates, soluble sugars and nutrients contents of medicinal plants were significantly affected by adding the biological fertilizers compared with recommended chemical fertilizers.


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