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The deterrent and promoter influencing to increase area cultivated Iranian Ox-Tongue (fuzzy analysis in delphi method)

Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini-Niyaki, Dariush Ashoori-Latmahalleh

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(3), 334-348, March 2014


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Present study was performed aiming to recognize the obstacles confronting expansion of Iranian ox-tongue (Echium amoenum Fisch and Mey). This study was performed by Delphi technique. In the same line, seven experienced and qualified expert on the area of Echium amoenum plantation and production in Eshkevarat, Guilan province, considered as specialized panel members of present study. In the first stage of the study, given the fact that multivariate analysis is a suitable technique to analyze the data resulting from open questions of the questionnaire, thus this technique was used to analyze the content. After performing the second stage, results of Kendall’s W test indicated the agreement of experts, thus performing the third stage was not necessary. In general, results indicated that the most important problems confronting the expansion of Echium amoenum Fisch and Mey are: failure to define the expert price of Echium amoenum Fisch and Mey, lack of active production cooperative societies, lack of properly application of cultivation, maintenance and Harvesting and lack of training, welfare, treatment and employment facilities across the region. Additionally, in line with realization of study objectives, some strategies were suggested by the experts including improving the Echium amoenum Fisch and Mey orchards and varieties, increasing the economical cultivated area, constructing processing and packaging companies to raise the products added value, encouraging the farmers to use novel research techniques, providing sustainable, active market places, Guaranteed Purchase, suitable domestic and international marketing and adequate knowledge on the suitable soil and fertilizer for Echium amoenum Fisch and Mey.


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The deterrent and promoter influencing to increase area cultivated Iranian Ox-Tongue (fuzzy analysis in delphi method)

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