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The economics of organic and conventional vegetables production in Northern Philippines

Research Paper | August 1, 2018

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Vilma Du Conrado

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 2), 402-415, August 2018


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The study was conducted in the Cagayan Valley region of the Northern Philippines to generate baseline data and information on the profitability and economics of organic vegetable “pinakbet” production versus conventional vegetable production. A total of 64 organic and 52 conventional vegetable producers were taken as respondents. Data were gathered through field reconnaissance survey and interview using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. The organic vegetable industry is in its infancy stage. The average area cultivated to organic vegetable was 508.55sq m and 2,972.19sq m for conventional vegetables. Organic vegetable farmer-respondents had higher yield per 1000sq m for okra (748kg), squash (545kg) and string beans (437kg) than the conventional farmers with 131kg, 261kg and 236kg per 1000sq m, respectively. Conventional farmers had higher yield/1000sq m on eggplant (1,239kg), ampalaya (1,080kg), tomato (2,054kg) and pepper (330kg) than the organic farmers. Organic farmers received higher average price and higher net farm income for all vegetables than the conventional farmers. Break-even yield per 1000sq m for conventional farmers was higher than the organic farmers in all vegetables. The organic vegetable farmers had lower capital-output ratio and land-output ratio for almost all the vegetables but higher labor-output ratio than the conventional farmers. Laborious, high cost of certification as organic farm, lack of financial support and limited market outlet for organic products were the problems encountered. Massive education and awareness campaign, continuous extension education services and other methods to increase effective demand for organically produce vegetables should be done.


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The economics of organic and conventional vegetables production in Northern Philippines

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