The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal fertilizer on growth and yield of some varieties of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) on Inceptisol Krueng Raya Aceh Besar

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2018
Views (389) Download (12)

The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal fertilizer on growth and yield of some varieties of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) on Inceptisol Krueng Raya Aceh Besar

Oskar Trimananda, Syafruddin, Syamsuddin
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13( 1), 46-54, July 2018.
Certificate: IJAAR 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The effect is to obtain information on the use of mycorrhiza to solve the problem at Inceptisol Krueng Raya Aceh Besar. This study aims to determine the application of the best dosage of mycorrhiza and chilli varieties suitable to be cultivated on the Inceptisol Krueng Raya Aceh Besar to increase the production of chili. This study was conducted with a randomized block design with three replications. The first factor is mycorrhizal dose with four levels: without mycorrhiza (M0), mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 5 g plant-1 (M1), mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 10 g plant-1 (M2), mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 15 g plant-1 (M3) and the second factor is chili variety with four levels: Odeng (V1), Lado (V2), Laris (V3), PM999 (V4). The results showed that with the use of Mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 10 g plant-1 with the use of Odeng Varieties can increase yield on plant height (70,67), stem diameter (0,633) and fruit weight (109,22). The combination of these two treatments has been shown to solve the problems that found in inceptisol which is P available on soil. So the mycorrhizal aid can change P bound to P available to increase the production of pepper plant.


Abdel Latef AA. 2013. Growth and some physiological activities of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in response to cadmium stress and mycorrhizal symbiosis. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 15, 1437-1448.

Abdel Latef AAH, Chaoxing H. 2014. Does inoculation with Glomus mosseae improve salt tolerance in pepper plants. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 33(3), 644-653.

Aristizabal C, Rivera EL, Janos DP. 2004. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Colonize Decomposing Leaves of Myrica parvifolia, M. pubescens and Paepalanthu ssp. Journal Mycorrhiza 14, 221-228.

Badan PusatStatistik (BPS). 2016. Statistik Produksi 2014.

Barea JM, Palenzuela J, Cornejo P, Sanchez-Castro I, Navarro-Fernandez C,Lopez-García A, Estrada B, Azcon R, Ferrol N, Azcon-Aguilar C. 2011. Ecological and functional roles of mycorrhizas in semi-aridecosystems of Southeast Spain. Journal of Arid Environ 75(12), 1292-1301.

Boonlue S, Surapat W, Pukahuta C, Suwanarit P, Suwanarit A, Morinaga T. 2012. Diversity and efficiency of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soils from organic chili (Capsicum frutescens) farms. Journal Mycoscience53(1), 10-16.

Cekic FO, Unyayar S and Ortas I. 2012.Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on biochemical parameters in Capsicum annuum grown under long term salt stress. Turkish Journal of Botany 36(1), 63-72.

Erman M, Demir S, Ocak E, Tufenkci S, Oguz F, Akkopru AH. 2011. Effect of Rhizobium, Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and whey application on some properties in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under irrigated and rainfed conditions. 1-Yield, yield components, nodulation and AMF colonization. Field Crops Research 122(1), 14-24.

Giri B, Kapoor R, Mukerji KG. 2007. Improved tolerance of Acacia niloticato salt stress by Arbuscular mycorrhiza Glomus fasciculatum may be partly related to elevated K/Na ratios in root and shoot tissues. Journal Microbial Ecology 54,753–760.

Harpenas A, Dermawan R. 2010. Chili Cultivation Excellence. The Swadaya spreader. Jakarta. Jakarta.

Hernadi I, Sasvari Z, Albrechtova J, Vosatka M, Posta K. 2012. Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculant increases yield of spice pepper and affects the indigenous fungal community in the field. Journal Hort Science 47(5), 603-606.

Iqbal M, Ashraf M. 2013. Alleviation of Salinity-Induced Perturbations in Ionicand Hormonal Concentrations in Spring Wheat through Seed Preconditioning in Synthetic Auxins. Journal Acta Physiologiae Plantarum35,1093-1112.

Junita E. 2015. Influence of planting medium and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and yield of red chili (Capsicum annuum L.). Essay. Faculty of Agriculture. University of Syiah Kuala. Banda Aceh.

Leifheit EF, Verbruggen E, Rillig MC. 2015. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Reduce Decomposition of Woody Plant Litter While Increasing Soil Aggregation. Journal Soil Biology and Biochemistry 81, 323-328.

Leifheit EF, Veresoglou SD, Lehmann A, Morris EK, Rillig MC. 2014. Multiple Factors Influence the Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Soil Aggregation-A Meta-Analysis. Journal Plant and Soil 374, 523-537.

Musfal. 2008. The effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to the specific fertilizer of corn plant location on Inceptisol soil. Thesis, University of North Sumatra. Medan. 79 p.

Muyassir, Sufardi, Saputra I. 2012.Changes in the physical properties of Inceptisol due to different types and doses of organic fertilizers. Journal Lantera12(1), 1-8.

Pereira JAP, Vieira IJC, Freitas MSM, Prins CL, Martins MA, Rodrigues R. 2015. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Capsicum spp. The Journal of Agricultural Science 154(5), 828-849.

Aristizabal C, Rivera EL, Janos DP. 2004.Rillig MC, Aguilar-Trigueros CA, Bergmann J, Verbruggen E, Veresoglou SD, Lehmann A. 2015. Plant Root and Mycorrhizal Fungal Traits for Understanding Soil Aggregation. Journal New Phytologist205, 1385-1388.

Subagyo H, Suharta, Siswanto AB. 2000. Indonesian agricultural lands, in Indonesia’s land resources and Management. Journal Soil and Agro-climate Research Center. Jakarta.

Syafruddin, Syakur, Arabia T. 2016. Propagation techniques of mycorrhizal biofertilizer with different types of mycorrhizal inoculant and host plant in Entisol Aceh. International journal of Agricultural Research 11(2), 69-76.

Syamsiyah J, Bambang HS, Eko H, Jaka W. 2014.Effect of inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi against glomalin, growth and yield of rice. Journal of Soil Science and Agroklimatologi 11(1), 39-46.

Syukur M, Yunianti R, danDermawan R. 2012. Successful Harvest Chili Every Day. The Swadaya spreader. Jakarta.

Tanwar A, Aggarwal A, Kadian N, Gupta A. 2013. Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and super phosphate application influence plant growth and yield of Capsicum annuum. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 13(1), 55-66.

Xu W, Liu L, He T, Cao M, Sha L, Hu Y, Li Q, Li J. 2016. Soil properties drive a negative correlation between species diversity and genetic diversity in a tropical seasonal rainforest. Journal Scientific Reports 6(20652), 1-8.