The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae and some varieties on growth and yield of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) on Entisol soil

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Research Paper 01/09/2018
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The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae and some varieties on growth and yield of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) on Entisol soil

Almuna Ramadhani, Syafruddin, Syamsuddin
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13( 3), 71-80, September 2018.
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This study aims to determine the effect of Glomus mosseae mycorrhizae dose and varieties on growth and yield of chili (Capsicum annum. L) on Entisol soil. This research was conducted at the UNSYIAH Experimental Garden, Banda Aceh. The design used in this study is factorial randomized block design (RBD). The first factor in this study is the dose of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae (D) consisting of 4 levels, namely: D0= without mycorrhiza, D1= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 5g plant-1, D2= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 10g plant-1, and D3= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 15g plant-1. The second factor is chili variety (V) consisting of 3 levels, namely: PM 999 varieties, Lado F1 varieties, varieties CTH-01. The variables observed were growth parameters, chili yield, total N-content and P-available on Entisol soil and the percentage of mycorrhizal infected roots. The results showed that mycorrhizal doses were able to increase the value of N-total and P-available on the soil and can improve plant growth and yield, the use of mycorrhizal doses of 15 g tan-1 generally results in better growth and yield of chilli compared to other doses, while based on the results of research CTH-01 varieties affect the growth and yield of chili plants. There is an interaction between mycorrhizal doses with chilli varieties on growth parameters and chili yield.


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